Nexus Region Niger Basin

The Niger River Basin covers an area of 2.13 million km2 and is home to over 130 million people in nine countries: Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Chad, Ivory Coast, Guinea, Mali, Niger, and Nigeria. Over 70% of the population live in areas where food security depends on unreliable rainfall and highly variable inter-and intra-annual river flows. Significant poverty levels and a high dependency on small-holder agricultural production persist in the region. Increasing demand for water, energy and soil resources, and competing uses in the context of climate variability, population growth and a complex web of governance levels (regional, basin, national and sub-national) constitute a major challenge for a balanced resource planning. Water infrastructure (multi-purpose) is considered by the riparian countries of the Niger River as particularly crucial for improving the quality of life in the region. Emphasis is placed on hydroelectric and irrigation schemes, aiming at supplying electricity to major urban centres and promoting economic development and food security.

News, Events and Resources

Nexus Blog

Un Nexus pour les Organismes de Bassin au Sahel // Comparaison multisectorielle : OMVS - CBLT - ABN

Par Luca Ferrini (Représentant Dialogues Mondiaux NEXUS (Eau-Energie-Sécurité Alimentaire) dans le Bassin du Niger) et Lucia Benavides. Cet article fournit une analyse comparative du niveau d'intégration des différents secteurs dans les missions de trois organismes de bassin du Sahel : l'Autorité de Développement du Bassin du fleuve Sénégal (OMVS), la Commission du Bassin du Lac Tchad (CBLT) et l'Autorité du bassin du Niger (ABN). Il met en outre l'accent sur différents domaines d'intervention...

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Nexus Blog

A Nexus for Basin Organisations in the Sahel // Multisectoral comparison: OMVS - LCBC - NBA

By Luca Ferrini (Project Manager, Nexus Regional Dialogue Programme Niger Basin) and Lucia Benavides. This article provides a comparative analysis about the level of integration of different sectors within the mission statements of three River Basin Organisations in the Sahel: the Senegal River Basin Development Authority (OMVS by its French acronym), the Lake Chad Basin Commission (LCBC) and the Niger Basin Authority (NBA). It further stresses different focus areas of the mission statements,...

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Country Profiles

Profil Nexus // Bassin du Niger

Le bassin du fleuve Niger en Afrique de l’Ouest et Centre Afrique couvre une superficie totale de 2,13 millions de km² et plus de 130 millions de personnes habitent dans le bassin, provenant de neuf pays: Bénin, Burkina Faso, Cameroun, Côte d’Ivoire, Guinée, Mali, Niger, Nigeria et Tchad. Sept des neuf pays du bassin figurent parmi les 20 pays les plus pauvres du monde, avec de grandes disparités de revenus dans les pays les plus riches du bassin. La plupart d’entre eux sont confrontés à une...

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Desalination

Energy-Water Nexus // Viability of Wind Turbine to Desalinate Water for Drinking

By Ngwamah Hyelda Moses. This study aims at assessing the viability of wind energy in Burutu, Nigeria, to desalinate water through reverse osmosis technology. Burutu has been identified with shortage of drinking water as a result of salt water intrusion from the ocean. Four analysis were carried out: First was the estimation of wind speed in m/s at the height of 120m. Second analysis was the calculation of energy generation in kWh. Third analysis was calculation of volume of water in m^3 which...

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Country Profiles

Nexus Profile // Niger Basin

The Niger River Basin (NRB) in West and Central Africa covers a total area of 2.13 million km2 and its active basin is home to over 130 million people throughout nine countries: Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Chad, Ivory Coast, Guinea, Mali, Niger, and Nigeria. All 9 riparian states are in the bottom third of the 189 countries according to the UNDP’s Human Development Index (2018), with 5 in the last 15. Most of them face rapid population growth (an estimated annual average of 3.2%) and...

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Resource

Quantifying the Sustainability of Water Availability // Water-Food-Energy-Ecosystem Nexus in the Niger River Basin

Water, food, energy, and the ecosystems they depend on interact with each other in highly complex and interlinked ways. These interdependencies can be traced particularly well in the context of a river basin, which is delineated by hydrological boundaries. Using the example of the Niger River Basin in West Africa, this study assesses the impact of climate and human/anthropogenic changes on the water, energy, food, and ecosystem sectors. It characterizes the resulting trade-offs through a set of...

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Research Papers, Publications and Books

The Fomi Dam // Potential for a Project of Shared Interest

By Luca Ferrini and Lucia Benavides. A dam at the head of a basin entails stakes at many levels. In the Sahel, one of the most arid regions in the world, currently affected by climate change as well as armed conflict, these stakes become particularly high. What are the opportunities and the risks of building such a dam? What could a nexus approach contribute to support decision making in this context?

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Research Papers, Publications and Books

The Inner Niger Delta // Nexus Dynamics at the Heart of the Sahel

By Luca Ferrini and Lucia Benavides. The Inner Niger Delta lies at the centre of Mali and at the heart of the Sahel. The region is affected by armed conflict since 2012, with the death of at least 2,000 people (1) and forced the migration of over 200,000 (2). Confrontation between the different factions and the Malian state continues, and this year attacks on the local civilian population have increased (3). Despite significant efforts to maintain medical assistance, food and drinking water (4),...

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Resource

Le Barrage de Fomi // Potentiel pour Un Projet d’Intérêt Commun

Par Luca Ferrini et Lucia Benavides. Cet article explique comment le projet de barrage de Fomi, qui a récemment regagné le monumentum, marque une grande opportunité d'intégrer l'approche Nexus dans le processus de planification comme un outil d'aide à la décision. Situé en Haute Guinée, à la tête du bassin du Niger et dans une zone aride affectée par le changement climatique et l'insécurité, la construction du barrage de Fomi poserait à la fois de nombreux risques et défis ainsi que des...

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Research Papers, Publications and Books

Le Delta Intérieur du Niger // Enjeux Nexus au Cœur du Sahel

Par Luca Ferrini et Lucia Benavides. Malgré une richesse exceptionnelle en ressources et une longue histoire de recherche et de travaux pour protéger le Delta intérieur du Niger, cette région fait face à une multitude de défis. Cet article explore les conflits existants, les différents besoins d'utilisation des ressources, et les effets du changement climatique. Il étudie également les possibilités de l'approche Nexus dans la région.

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