The Middle East and North Africa Region (MENA) stretches over 6,000 km from Morocco in the West to Iran in the East. Despite significant sub-regional differences, the entire area is facing similar challenges. The MENA countries are coping with an increasing water deficit, while striving to achieve a self-sustaining agriculture. The region only contains 1.4% of the world’s freshwater resources, making it one of the world’s most water-scarce regions.

This water scarcity and recent economic instability has left its population even more vulnerable to food insecurity.

Energy production in the region still strongly relies on fossil fuels, even though there is a high potential for renewable energies and 30 million people in the Arab region still remain without access to electricity. In addition, the countries are highly vulnerable to the impacts of climate change.

Fulfilling MENA’s high demands requires an understanding of the synergies, conflicts and compensations that connect water, energy and food with ecosystems.

Among the different intersectoral WEF Nexus, holistic solutions propsosed are:

• solar-powered irrigation systems

• solar desalination

• solar energy for waste-water treatment and reuse

• investments in biofuels and offshore agricultural to ensure food security and preserve scarce water resources.

There is a growing recognition in the region to adopt the Nexus approach, fostered by several single- and multi-state ministries and institutions.

Title Region MENA
event 08 Dec 2020

Webinar // The Water-Energy- Food (WEF) Nexus in the GCC and EU regions; Challenges and opportunities

The EU-GCC Clean Energy Technology Network (EU GCC CETN) and the Gulf Cooperation Council Secretariat General (GCC SG) are organizing an online…

event 12 Nov 2020

Call for Innovations // Middle East and Northern Africa (MENA) region - Water and Energy for Food (WE4F)

Are you a MENA-based innovator with a proven solution tackling water and/or energy issues in urban or rural food production? This Call for…

event 21 Apr 2020

Nexus Blog // Workshop on Transboundary Water Cooperation in the MENA Region in Beirut

On the 3rd and 4th March of 2020, a workshop on Transboundary Water Cooperation in the MENA Region took place in Beirut, where the Nexus Regional…

event 16 Apr 2020

Nexus Blog // Access to finance for WEF Nexus in the MENA Region

How can Nexus projects get better access to financial resources in the MENA region? During this Year’s Annual Meeting of the MENA Region Initiative…

event 02 Dec 2020

Policy Brief // Improving sustainable development in the North Western Sahara Aquifer System through a transboundary nexus approach

The United Nations Economic Commission for Europe published a policy brief highlighting the main results of a participatory assessment of the…

event 04 Nov 2020

Fact Sheet // Nexus Regional Dialogues Programme Phase II

The Nexus Regional Dialogues Programme Phase II (2020-2023), funded by the EU and BMZ, aims to mainstream WEF Nexus approaches through increased…

event 01 Nov 2020

Policy Brief // The WEF Nexus Approach: An Imperative Enabler for Sustainable Development in the MENA Region

By Waleed Khalil Al-Zubari, Khalid Nahar Alrwis. This Policy Brief suggests four recommendations to foster the WEF Nexus approach in the MENA region.


Maria Ana Rodriguez
Head of Project


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