The Middle East and North Africa Region (MENA) stretches over 6,000 km from Morocco in the West to Iran in the East. Despite significant sub-regional differences, the entire area is facing similar challenges. The MENA countries are coping with an increasing water deficit, while striving to achieve a self-sustaining agriculture. The region only contains 1.4% of the world’s freshwater resources, making it one of the world’s most water-scarce regions.

This water scarcity and recent economic instability has left its population even more vulnerable to food insecurity.

Energy production in the region still strongly relies on fossil fuels, even though there is a high potential for renewable energies and 30 million people in the Arab region still remain without access to electricity. In addition, the countries are highly vulnerable to the impacts of climate change.

Fulfilling MENA’s high demands requires an understanding of the synergies, conflicts and compensations that connect water, energy and food with ecosystems.

Among the different intersectoral WEF Nexus, holistic solutions propsosed are:

• solar-powered irrigation systems

• solar desalination

• solar energy for waste-water treatment and reuse

• investments in biofuels and offshore agricultural to ensure food security and preserve scarce water resources.

There is a growing recognition in the region to adopt the Nexus approach, fostered by several single- and multi-state ministries and institutions.

Title Region MENA
event 21 Oct 2020

Online Seminar // Governance, Regulations and Integrated Approaches including Financial Mechanisms

The EU GCC Clean Energy Technology Network and the Environmental Center for Arab Towns (ECAT), in association with the Middle East Desalination…

event 18 Oct 2020 22 Oct 2020 location Cairo / Online

Conference // Cairo Water Week 2020

For the 3rd time the Ministry of Water Resources and Irrigation of the Arab Republic of Egypt is organizing the Cairo Water Week. This year's event…

event 21 Apr 2020

Nexus Blog // Workshop on Transboundary Water Cooperation in the MENA Region in Beirut

On the 3rd and 4th March of 2020, a workshop on Transboundary Water Cooperation in the MENA Region took place in Beirut, where the Nexus Regional…

event 16 Apr 2020

Nexus Blog // Access to finance for WEF Nexus in the MENA Region

How can Nexus projects get better access to financial resources in the MENA region? During this Year’s Annual Meeting of the MENA Region Initiative…

event 07 Apr 2020

Interview Series // تعريف ببرنامج حوار الترابط وبالأشخاص العاملين به

تهدف هذه السلسلة من اللقاءات إلى إلقاء الضوء على الأشخاص العاملين في برنامج حوار الترابط والتعرف على رؤاهم الخاصة حول التحديات والفرص المرتبطة بترابط…

event 27 Aug 2020

Publication // Water, Energy and Food Supply Security in the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) Countries—A Risk Perspective

by Mohammad Al-Saidi and Sally Saliba (2019). This paper proposes a view of the water, energy and food resource supply security based on the systems’…

event 25 Mar 2020

Publication // Can the Implementation of the Water-Energy-Food Nexus Support Economic Growth in the Mediterranean Region? The Current Status and the Way Forward

By Markantonis, V., Arnaud, R., Karabulut, A., El Hajj, R., Altinbilek, D., Awad, I., ... & Matoussi, M. S. (2019). This policy note paper aims to…

event 03 Feb 2020

Nexus Workshop // Integration of Water and Agriculture Sectors: Concepts and Applications

The Nexus Regional Dialogues Program-MENA and the Arab Organization for Agricultural development (AOAD) organized a Nexus Workshop on the integration…


Maria Ana Rodriguez
Head of the Nexus Global Secretariat


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