Latin America and the Caribbean
50 million people currently do not have adequate access to food, despite playing a key role in meeting the growing international food demand. The region contains over 41% of the global freshwater resources, however 36 million inhabitants do not have access to an improved water source, as inequality in water accessibility and availability remains a problem. The region strongly depends on hydropower for energy production, which is responsible for 65% of the electricity generated. This however raises conflicts with other water users, such as the mining and agricultural sector. In order to overcome resource conflicts in LAC, it is necessary to understand the interconnections -synergies, conflicts and compensations- between water, energy and food.
Different intervention areas between water, energy and food as of priority interest and concern for LAC, are:
• hydroelectric generation
• mining and oil
• expansion and modernisation of irrigation with Solar-powered irrigation systems
• overexploitation of aquifers,
• services of potable water and sanitation in cities (Urban nexus),
• and biofuels.
The Nexus Regional Dialogues Programme works in close cooperation with several major stakeholders in the region such as the United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (CEPAL) to raise Nexus issues up to high-level regional policy discourses, to support the identification of synergies within the WEF Nexus, as well as to support the recommendation of policies for strengthening the management of natural resources.
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¿Qué interconexiones entre el sector agrícola, energético y del agua son prioritarias en América Latina y el Caribe? ¿Cómo se gestionan? ¿Es posible…
What interconnections between the agricultural, energy and water sector are priorities in Latin America and the Caribbean? How are they managed? And…
The Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations is searching for a Water-Energy-Food Nexus Specialist at the Sub-regional Office for the…
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Publication // The Role of Green Infrastructure in Water, Energy and Food Security in Latin America and the Caribbean: Experiences, Opportunities and Challenges
By Raúl Muñoz Castillo and Thomas L. Crisman. The current paper reviews green infrastructure approaches to the water, energy and agriculture nexus in…
Publication // Peri-urban territories and WEF nexus: the challenges of Brazilian agrarian reform areas for social justice
By Thainara Granero de Melo, Bruno Lacerra de Souza and Rosemeire Aparecida Scopinho. Drawing on the water-energy-food (WEF) nexus’ critical and…
Publication // Water-energy-food security: A Nexus perspective of the current situation in Latin America and the Caribbean
By Jürgen Mahlknecht, Ramon Gonzalez-Bravo and Frank J. Loge. In this literature and data analysis, the authors examined the baseline and trends of…