https://unsplash.com/photos/nPCiBaK8WPk (C) Sylwia Pietruszka / Unsplash
SDGs

Nexus and SDGs // Linking the Water-Energy-Food Nexus and Sustainable Development Indicators for the Mediterranean Region

Food production and water provision are are two urgent socio-economic and environmental issues in the Mediterranean region. Because these aspects are closely linked, they need to be tackled by an integrated approach known as Water-Energy-Food (WEF) Nexus, with JRC highly engaged. Not only the global food crises of 2008 and 2011 drew attention to the crucial role of food security in the Mediterranean basin, especially considering the consequences for social and political equilibrium in the certain countries of the Middle East and North Africa (MENA).

Water use and agricultural practices in the Mediterranean area are unsustainable. The situation is worsened by the increased frequency of droughts and floods, as well as desertification and soil depletion, associated with climate change. The aim of the Partnership for Research and Innovation in the Mediterranean Area (PRIMA)  is to foster an integrated programme of sustainable food production and water provision in the framework of the water-energy-food nexus. A monitoring tool developed under PRIMA is based on the Sustainable Development Goals, two of which are specifically dedicated to food security (SDG 2) and sustainable management of water resources (SDG 6).

The 12 indicators that have been chosen to be monitored in the Mediterranean are the Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI), population overweight, land use, GHG emissions, cereal yield, agriculture value added, fertilizer consumption, crop water productivity, annual freshwater withdrawal for agriculture, rural population served with safely managed water service and sanitation and the amount of agricultural residues used for energy purposes. Datasets for these indicators are collected by international bodies such as the World Bank, WHO, FAO and UNFCCC; recent series are available for almost all Mediterranean countries and are constantly updated. The aim of the proposed monitoring tool is to keep track of the impact generated by PRIMA research and innovation projects in the Mediterranean countries.

Source: press release by EC Science HUB

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Waste treatment

Water Utilities for Climate Mitigation // Energy-efficient Pumps for Climate Mitigation in Madaba, Jordan

By Mohammad Almalla. The governorate of Madaba, Jordan receives its drinking water from the Hidaan wells which are more than 400m lower located that the inhabited areas. Consequently, more than 70% of the energy in the Miyahuna Water Company is used to lift the water. The WaCCliM project assessed together with the University of Jordan the energy efficiency of the supply network. With new retrofitted pumps the energy savings exceed 1000 tons CO2 per year.

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Aquaponics/Hydroponics

Aquaponics in Small-scale Farming // 90% Less Water Usage Thanks to Social Startup "Effishent"

The Nexus Resource Platform is widening its scope to include a focus on innovation and entrepreneurship. In this regard, NRP spoke with the social start-up “Effishent”, an Enactus Manheim project. The founders, Simon Simanovski, 22, and Alex Pirkebner, 23, developed a low-cost aquaponics system and combined it with a social business model. The aquaponics technology combines fish farming with vegetable cultivation in a closed loop water circulation. In comparison to conventional farming...

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Solar-powered Irrigation Systems (SPIS)

Nexus in MENA // Joint FAO-GIZ Session on SPIS with Water-Energy-Food Nexus Focus at Cairo Water Week

By Nisreen Lahham. From 14-18 October 2018, under the auspices of His Excellency President Abdel Fattah Al-Sisi, President of the Arab Republic of Egypt, the Egyptian Ministry of Water Resources and Irrigation (MWRI) organised the “First Cairo Water Week” with the aim of discussing water-related issues, reflecting Egypt’s interest in facing water challenges, including desertification, water scarcity, and climate change.

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