event 03 Nov 2016

Research // Mitigating Risks and Vulnerabilities in the Energy-Food-Water Nexus in Developing Countries

By Jeremy Wakeford, Candice Kelly and Sasha Mentz Lagrange. The report analyses global nexus interconnections (such as the dependence of food systems on energy at every stage of the food value chain) and identifies key drivers, which include economic and population growth, resource depletion, environmental degradation, climate change and globalisation. The study also delved into more detail by analysing the nexus in three case study countries (Malawi, South Africa and Cuba), which represent different levels and types of economic development and ‘socio-metabolic regimes’ (agrarian, industrial and agro-ecological).

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(C) flickr / United Nations Photo
A wide range of mitigation strategies, policies and measures are put forward that can help developing country governments to manage the nexus more effectively. These include ways to strengthen institutions, governance and policy coherence, as well as technical measures to boost resilience and sustainability of energy, food and water systems and to accelerate a transition to green economies.


website Sustainability Institute (full report)
website Sustainability Institute (summary for policy makers)


December 2015


United Kingdom Department for International Development (DFID)
Sustainability Institute
School of Public Leadership Stellenbosch University, South Africa Sustainability Institute Projects recently completed a year-long research project entitled “Mitigating risks and vulnerabilities in the energy-food-water nexus in developing countries”, funded by the UK’s Department for International Development. The project was led by Dr Jeremy Wakeford, an Extraordinary Senior Lecturer in the School of Public Leadership and currently a Macroeconomist at Quantum Global Research Lab in Switzerland, and included contributions by Candice Kelly, Sasha Mentz Lagrange, Florian Kroll, Luke Metelerkamp, and Dr Tarak Kate.


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