Organisations & Networks

​​​Water-Energy-Food-Health Nexus Renewable Resources Initiative (WEFRAH)

WEFRAH is an initiative led by AUB's FAFS. This two year seed funding initiative includes a critical mass of faculty from across the university. WEFRAH’s focus is collaboration to achieve primary resources security. The initiative is in response to the President’s vision of engagement and impact to strengthen collaborations between AUB Faculties and Schools, particularly to promote interdisciplinary collaboration by nurturing a bottom-up, participatory approach within AUB and between AUB and its external stakeholders.

WEFRAH opens venues for collaboration with other universities within Lebanon and its outcome and action oriented approach links naturally and organically to the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) 2030 by presenting a contextualized, relevant approach to their achievement in the MENA region.

Resources gaps facing the MENA region, including access to water, food, energy, nutrition and health care, are expected to increase with demographic and climate changes. These highly interlinked primary resources carry high risks and vulnerability. Understanding these risks and vulnerabilities though quantifying them to better understand the complex system of systems they represent is crucial and requires multi-disciplinary work that includes the technologies, science, policies, health, communication, and economics, at local process and system level scales.​

Vision

To make AUB a regional hub for innovations in water-energy-food-health nexus and interconnectedness in renewable resources in arid and semiarid regions.

Goals

  • Increase collaborations among various faculties/schools and research and policy units on campus on issues related to primary renewable resources.
  • Increase the knowledge level of the Water-Energy-Food-Health Nexus system.
  • Develop a critical mass of inter-disciplinary teams across faculties at AUB that allow them to be more competitive for large scale external funding.
  • Expand research, education, and capacity development opportunities at AREC under WEFRAH.
  • Expand regional and international cooperation.​

Key Research Question​s

  1. How to increase the resilience of the human and earth systems in arid and semi-arid environments?
  2. How to understand an​​d better manage their complex system of systems of primary resources?

Long-term Viability

WEFRAH intends to build capacity for AUB in this crucial area. Seed funding is expected​ to create capacity for sustained external funding from research, foundation, development, and private sectors.

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Further reading

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Research Papers, Publications and Books

Floating Solar // Where Sun Meets Water – Floating Solar Market Report Executive Summary

By World Bank Group, Energy Sector Management Assistance Program (ESMAP) and Solar Energy Research Institute of Singapore (SERIS). Floating solar photovoltaic installations open new opportunities for scaling up solar generating capacity, especially in countries with high population density and competing uses for available land. Floating Solar Market Report - Executive Summary presents an overview of floating solar technologies, current deployment market and future opportunities, challenges...

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Modelling and Assessment

Nexus Modelling // Involving the Water–Energy–Food Nexus in Integrating Low-Income and Isolated Communities

By Brenda Cansino-Loeza and José María Ponce-Ortega. This work presents a general mathematical programming model for satisfying water, energy, and food needs in isolated and low-income communities involving different process integration approaches. As a case study, the community with the lowest index of poverty and marginalization from the State of Guerrero in Mexico is presented. The problem consists in determining the optimal and sustainable configuration to satisfy the energy, water, and...

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Climate Change

Video // Green Pumps for Jordan’s Water to combat Climate Change

This video explains how highly energy efficient water pumps can contribute to improve water, energy, and food security in the water scarce country Jordan. At the same time, CO2-emmissions are lowered, which marks a significant contribution in meeting Jordan´s Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) to the Paris Agreement.

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