Policy Papers

Strategy for Interlinkages between Water, Energy and Agriculture (Nexus Perspective) // Synergies and Conflicting Goals

Global forecasts predict a 40 to 50 per cent increase in the demand for fresh water, energy and food until 2030 due to pressure caused by population growth, economic growth, international trade, urbanisation, changes in eating habits, climate change and technological advances. The objective is to adopt an integrated approach for the three sectors water, energy and agriculture (Nexus perspective), with a view to reconciling their interests as they compete for the same scarce resources and resolving conflicts while respecting planetary boundaries. In this paper, the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) lays out its strategy to achieve this integrated resource vision.


BMZ website

The document is in German/English; English version starts on page 8.


March 2018


German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ)
Divions for “Water, urban development, mobility”, “Energy, infrastructure, raw materials”, „International agricultural policy, agriculture, innovation“ and „Rural development, land rights, forests, animal husbandry“

Further reading

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Case study // Solving water problems or creating a new one?

This article was originally published by MAGIC Nexus (magic-nexus.eu) and has been re-published here with ther friendly permission. It gives on overview over a case study in the Canary islands, which aims to examine the technological, environmental and social challenges and keystones regarding the use of AWS (desalination and reclaimed water) for irrigation in two areas of the islands of Gran Canaria and Tenerife.

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Capacity Building

Publication // Capacity development for solar-powered irrigation

This is an abstract of an article that originally appeared in Rural21 (rural21.com), an international journal for rural development. The article gives an introduction to the “Toolbox on Solar Powered Irrigation Systems”. As a climate-friendly technology, solar powered irrigation systems hold an enormous potential to increase agricultural productivity worldwide while protecting precious natural resources.

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Climate Change

Policy Brief // Understanding the water-energy-food nexus in a warming climate

This article was originally published by Carbon Brief (carbonbrief.org) and has been re-published here with their friendly permission. By: Prof Declan Conway, Dr Christian Siderius and Prof Japhet Kashaigili (2019). Prof Declan Conway is a professorial research fellow at the Grantham Research Institute on Climate Change and the Environment at the London School of Economics; Dr Christian Siderius is a research fellow at Grantham; and Prof Japhet Kashaigili is head of the department of forest...

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