Policy Papers

Strategy for Interlinkages between Water, Energy and Agriculture (Nexus Perspective) // Synergies and Conflicting Goals

Global forecasts predict a 40 to 50 per cent increase in the demand for fresh water, energy and food until 2030 due to pressure caused by population growth, economic growth, international trade, urbanisation, changes in eating habits, climate change and technological advances. The objective is to adopt an integrated approach for the three sectors water, energy and agriculture (Nexus perspective), with a view to reconciling their interests as they compete for the same scarce resources and resolving conflicts while respecting planetary boundaries. In this paper, the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) lays out its strategy to achieve this integrated resource vision.


BMZ website

The document is in German/English; English version starts on page 8.


March 2018


German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ)
Divions for “Water, urban development, mobility”, “Energy, infrastructure, raw materials”, „International agricultural policy, agriculture, innovation“ and „Rural development, land rights, forests, animal husbandry“

Further reading

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Solar-powered Irrigation Systems (SPIS)

Nexus Publicación // Manual de Capacitación Equipo Móvil de Bombeo Solar

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WEF Nexus Publication // Applying the Water-Energy-Food Nexus Approach to Catalyse Transformational Change in Africa

RES4Africa Foundation’s new study carried out in collaboration with Open Economics, looks at a WEF nexus project in rural Tanzania integrating hydro-powered mini-grid and agri-business usages that distributes water, power and food services to the surrounding communities. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects that the innovative Nexus project can have on a specific area. In doing this, a microeconomic impact assessment was developed to evaluate economic, social and environmental costs...

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WEF Nexus Research // Solar Energy Farming as a Development Innovation for Vulnerable Water Basins

By Mohammad Al-Saidi and Nisreen Lahham. This article evaluates a project from the Azraq Basin in Jordan, and presents similar international experiences, particularly from India. It assesses solar energy farming as an innovation from a water-energy-food nexus perspective.

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