Country Profiles

Nexus Country Profile // Costa Rica

Costa Rica is located in Central America and shares borders with Nicaragua and Panama. It is located in the tropics, only 10 degrees north of the equator, has a mountain range extending through the country, and its climate is tropical and subtropical. Specific challenges of the country comprise its exposedness to weather extremes, especially droughts, and its dependence on food imports. The country profile includes a case study summary of the Reventazón river basin.

Highlighted Nexus-related challenges faced by Costa Rica

  • Long-term climate projections indicate that hydrometeorological extremes, in particular droughts, are expected to increase in frequency in Costa Rica, creating a challenge for various natural resources
  • Costa Rica has a large installed hydropower capacity and reliance, and planning hydropower operations while catering to other water needs poses a distinct challenge
  • Food production is subject to hydrological drought, and Costa Rica has a large reliance on imported grains
  • Socioeconomic development, especially in the over-exploited Reventazón River Basin, increases pressure on resources demand
  • No laws specifically address the Nexus interconnections, making governance of Nexus issues through existing laws a challenging process

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Published

July 2018

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About the Nexus Country Profiles

The Nexus Country Profiles give an overview of the Nexus-related challenges faced by a country, show the specifics of the water, energy and food/agricultural sectors and summarise the water-energy, water-food and energy-food interrelations. Nexus-relevant aspects of the country’s governance are highlighted and allow for a better understanding of possible entry points for integrated management and policy planning. The profiles culminate in a tri-sectoral Nexus evaluation and food-energy-water security index.

The country profiles are developed in the frame of the  Nexus Dialogue Programme, jointly funded by the European Union and the Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ), Germany, and implemented by the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) in cooperation with regional partners. Research for and elaboration of the country profiles is supported by the Institute for Technology and Resource Management in the Tropics and Subtropics (ITT) at the TH Köln – University of Applied Sciences, Germany.

Further information

Further reading

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Research Papers, Publications and Books

The Global Food-Energy-Water Nexus

By Paolo D'Odorico, Kyle Frankel Davis, Lorenzo Rosa, Joel A. Carr, Davide Chiarelli, Jampel Dell'Angelo, Jessica Gephart, Graham K. MacDonald, David A. Seekell, Samir Suweis, Maria Cristina Rulli. Water availability is a major factor constraining humanity's ability to meet the future food and energy needs of a growing and increasingly affluent human population. Water plays an important role in the production of energy, including renewable energy sources and the extraction of unconventional...

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Resource

Nexus Project Bolivia // Working together to develop the water, energy and food security sectors

The contradictory development objectives for water, energy and food security in Bolivia generate conflicts of interest between ministries, and also between authorities and institutions in the provinces and municipalities: each institution wants to support especially its sector, be it water, energy or rural. For this reason, planning is needed that transcends different sectors, such as that sought by governments at the national and local levels.

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Resource

Le Barrage de Fomi // Potentiel pour Un Projet d’Intérêt Commun

Par Luca Ferrini & Lucia Benavides. Cet article explique comment le projet de barrage de Fomi, qui a récemment regagné le monumentum, marque une grande opportunité d'intégrer l'approche Nexus dans le processus de planification comme un outil d'aide à la décision. Situé en Haute Guinée, à la tête du bassin du Niger et dans une zone aride affectée par le changement climatique et l'insécurité, la construction du barrage de Fomi poserait à la fois de nombreux risques et défis ainsi que des...

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