Country Profiles

Nexus Country Profile // Costa Rica

Costa Rica is located in Central America and shares borders with Nicaragua and Panama. It is located in the tropics, only 10 degrees north of the equator, has a mountain range extending through the country, and its climate is tropical and subtropical. Specific challenges of the country comprise its exposedness to weather extremes, especially droughts, and its dependence on food imports. The country profile includes a case study summary of the Reventazón river basin.

Highlighted Nexus-related challenges faced by Costa Rica

  • Long-term climate projections indicate that hydrometeorological extremes, in particular droughts, are expected to increase in frequency in Costa Rica, creating a challenge for various natural resources
  • Costa Rica has a large installed hydropower capacity and reliance, and planning hydropower operations while catering to other water needs poses a distinct challenge
  • Food production is subject to hydrological drought, and Costa Rica has a large reliance on imported grains
  • Socioeconomic development, especially in the over-exploited Reventazón River Basin, increases pressure on resources demand
  • No laws specifically address the Nexus interconnections, making governance of Nexus issues through existing laws a challenging process

Download

Published

July 2018

By

About the Nexus Country Profiles

The Nexus Country Profiles give an overview of the Nexus-related challenges faced by a country, show the specifics of the water, energy and food/agricultural sectors and summarise the water-energy, water-food and energy-food interrelations. Nexus-relevant aspects of the country’s governance are highlighted and allow for a better understanding of possible entry points for integrated management and policy planning. The profiles culminate in a tri-sectoral Nexus evaluation and food-energy-water security index.

The country profiles are developed in the frame of the  Nexus Dialogue Programme, jointly funded by the European Union and the Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ), Germany, and implemented by the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) in cooperation with regional partners. Research for and elaboration of the country profiles is supported by the Institute for Technology and Resource Management in the Tropics and Subtropics (ITT) at the TH Köln – University of Applied Sciences, Germany.

Further information

Further reading

#embed id=3719 class=list

› back

SDGs

WEFE Nexus Publication // European Commission Position Paper on the WEFE Nexus and the SDGs

The Joint Research Centre (JRC) and European Commission's Directorate-General for International Cooperation and Development (DG DEVCO) have recently launched a Position Paper on the Water, Energy, Food and Ecosystems (WEFE) Nexus and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Highlighting the key outcomes of exchanges with experts held in 2018, the Paper aims to launch a dialogue on how to operationalise the WEFE Nexus.

// more
Solar-powered Irrigation Systems (SPIS)

JRC Technical Report // Water-Energy-Food Nexus Interactions Assessment: Renewable Energy Sources to support Water Access and Quality in West Africa

By Kougias I., Szabó S., Scarlat N., Monforti F., Banja M., Bódis K., Moner-Girona M. Mitigating the big challenges of access to clean water, energy and poverty in Africa requires integrated solutions. The analysis of issues related to the water, energy, food and the ecosystem through a nexus approach, has attracted the interest of scientists, policy-makers and the private sector. The present Technical Report examines the potential of such an approach to create beneficial synergies between the...

// more
Modelling and Assessment

Holistic Water-Energy-Food Nexus for Guiding Water Resources Planning // Matagorda County, Texas Case

By Muhammed I. Kulat, Rabi H. Mohtar and Francisco Olivera. The authors developed a holistic framework to provide sustainable scenarios that include feasible infrastructure interventions. The framework focuses on water and associated links with other resources, includes a unique analytic tool for quantifying scenarios, and ultimately produces a sustainability analysis of each scenario. Optimal scenarios are offered that consider site-specific dynamic resource interlinkages. The WEF nexus model...

// more