Nexus Region Middle East and North Africa Region — MENA

The Middle East and North Africa Region, in short MENA, stretches over 6,000 km from Morocco in the West to Iran in the East. Despite significant subregional difference, the entire area is faced with similar challenges. All MENA countries have to cope with a water deficit, while they strive to achieve a self-sustaining agriculture at the same time. Energy production in the region still strongly relies on fossil fuels, even though there is a high potential for renewable energies. Institutions and administration are dominated by sectoral thinking, but bridging approaches are developing.

Resources

Policy Papers

The Water-Energy-Food Nexus in the Middle East and North Africa // Scenarios for a Sustainable Future

By Edoardo Borgomeo, Anders Jagerskog, Amal Talbi, Wijnen, Marcus Talbi, Mohamad Hejazi, Fernando Miralles-Wilhelm. Water, energy, and agriculture have been conventionally dealt with separately in investment planning. For each of these sectors, regulatory frameworks, organizations, and infrastructures have been put in place to address sector-specific challenges and demands. As the Middle East and North Africa works towards building a more sustainable future, a nexus approach that considers the...

// more
Workshops

International Workshop // "Water-Energy-Food Nexus Implementation in the Mashreq"

This international workshop will be a unique opportunity to transfer knowledge and help implementing the WEF concept in the Mashreq countries. The workshop will highlight several aspects of the Water-Energy-Food Nexus: (Water regulation and policies, Water resources and sustainable development goals (SDGs), Desalination and the use of renewables, Wastewater treatment, Renewable and sustainable energy resources, integrated energy-water planning, Energy efficiency, Solar and wind energy potential,...

// more
Tools and Databases

UN ESCWA // Water-Energy Nexus Operational Toolkit: Resource Efficiency Module

ESCWA is implementing a UN Development Account (DA) Project on “Developing the Capacities of ESCWA Member Countries to Address the Water and Energy Nexus for Achieving Sustainable Developing Goals”. The DA project targets to strengthen the capacity of ESCWA member countries to achieve an integrated and sustainable management of water and energy resources to contribute to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

// more
Sanitation and Wastewater

UN ESCWA // Water-Energy Nexus Operational Toolkit: Renewable Energy Module

This module was prepared as part of the United Nations Development Account project on developing the capacity of ESCWA Member Countries to address the water and energy nexus for achieving Sustainable Development Goals. It highlights the utilisation of renewable energy (RE) to strengthen the water and energy nexus by providing the power needed by water-related activities such as water distribution and wastewater treatment.

// more
Ecosystems / WEFE Nexus

Water-Energy-Food-Ecosystem Nexus Atlas for the Mediterranean // Seeking Examples of Best Practices

The European Commission's Joint Research Centre (JRC), the Union for the Mediterranean (UfM) and the Global Water Partnership for the Mediterranean (GWP-Med) are currently preparing a joint "Water-Energy-Food-Ecosystem Nexus"publication in the form of a Nexus Atlas. Everybody with research background or practical experience in this region is invited to submit best practice examples for this Nexus Atlas. Deadline is 31 Dec 2018.

// more
Research Papers, Publications and Books

Groundwater Governance in the Arab World // Water Resources, Use and Management in Jordan: A Focus on Groundwater

By Emad Al-Karablieh and Amer Salman. Given the water-security threat to Jordan posed by water shortages, water security has become a major domestic issue as population increases rapidly with refugees entering the country because of conflict in neighbouring countries, including a new influx from Syria that is estimated to have 2.72 million people where about 1 million are registered refugees from various countries by the end of December 2015.

// more
Meetings & Roundtables

Meeting // The UfM Task Force on Water Finance and Water-Food-Energy Nexus

The Task Force on Water Finance and Water-Food-Energy Nexus is a initiative of the Union for the Mediterranean.

// more
World Water Forum 2018 - Brazil

World Water Forum 2018 // Arab Regional Report: Pre-Forum Version

Coordinated by the League of Arab States (LAS), this pre-forum Arab regional report is part of the regional process outcomes. It was developed after broad consultations on regional high priority topics involving all segments of society. The report content is in essence based on contributions received from Ministries, Universities, UN agencies, regional NGOs, Private sector and CSOs and on key recommendations of the landmark events that took place since the start of the regional process.

// more
Climate Change

Policy Brief // Climate Change and the Water-Energy-Food Nexus in the MENA Region

By Rabi H. Mohtar. Understanding the interlinkages between climate change and the water-energy-food securities is critical for developing effective strategies to adapt to projected changes and ensure sufficient access to these resources for a growing global population. This policy brief identifies some of the key factors and specific climate change impact in each of the water, energy and food sectors and possible adaptation strategies will be explored.

// more
Research Papers, Publications and Books

Financial Challenges of the Nexus // Pathways for Investment in Water, Energy and Agriculture in the Arab World

By Martin Keulertz and Eckart Woertz. The Water–Energy–Food (WEF) nexus is a development challenge in the Arab world, particularly in the ‘core nexus countries’ with low to mid-incomes in which limited water endowments permit agricultural production, such as Egypt, Morocco, Tunisia, Lebanon, Algeria, Sudan and Jordan. The WEF nexus is often conceptualized in mere technocratic terms, yet politics matter in the implementation of projects that address it. Internalizing hydrological externalities or...

// more