Nexus Region Middle East and North Africa Region — MENA

The Middle East and North Africa Region, in short MENA, stretches over 6,000 km from Morocco in the West to Iran in the East. Despite significant subregional difference, the entire area is faced with similar challenges. All MENA countries have to cope with a water deficit, while they strive to achieve a self-sustaining agriculture at the same time. Energy production in the region still strongly relies on fossil fuels, even though there is a high potential for renewable energies. Institutions and administration are dominated by sectoral thinking, but bridging approaches are developing.

Resources

Conferences, Forums and Symposiums

World Future Energy Summit 2019

WFES is a global industry platform connecting business and innovation in energy, clean technology and efficiency for a sustainable future. Acting as an enabler for Abu Dhabi Sustainability Week, WFES inspires the transfer of ideas, technology and investment across borders and between the public and private sectors worldwide. The WFES brand brings together specialist exhibitors, technologies, speakers and insights covering Energy and Efficiency, Water, Solar, Mobility, Waste and Green Buildings.

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Workshops

International Workshop // "Water-Energy-Food Nexus Implementation in the Mashreq"

This international workshop will be a unique opportunity to transfer knowledge and help implementing the WEF concept in the Mashreq countries. The workshop will highlight several aspects of the Water-Energy-Food Nexus: (Water regulation and policies, Water resources and sustainable development goals (SDGs), Desalination and the use of renewables, Wastewater treatment, Renewable and sustainable energy resources, integrated energy-water planning, Energy efficiency, Solar and wind energy potential,...

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Meetings & Roundtables

Meeting // The UfM Task Force on Water Finance and Water-Food-Energy Nexus

The Task Force on Water Finance and Water-Food-Energy Nexus is a initiative of the Union for the Mediterranean.

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World Water Forum 2018 - Brazil

World Water Forum 2018 // Arab Regional Report: Pre-Forum Version

Coordinated by the League of Arab States (LAS), this pre-forum Arab regional report is part of the regional process outcomes. It was developed after broad consultations on regional high priority topics involving all segments of society. The report content is in essence based on contributions received from Ministries, Universities, UN agencies, regional NGOs, Private sector and CSOs and on key recommendations of the landmark events that took place since the start of the regional process.

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Climate Change

Policy Brief // Climate Change and the Water-Energy-Food Nexus in the MENA Region

By Rabi H. Mohtar. Understanding the interlinkages between climate change and the water-energy-food securities is critical for developing effective strategies to adapt to projected changes and ensure sufficient access to these resources for a growing global population. This policy brief identifies some of the key factors and specific climate change impact in each of the water, energy and food sectors and possible adaptation strategies will be explored.

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Research Papers, Publications and Books

Financial Challenges of the Nexus // Pathways for Investment in Water, Energy and Agriculture in the Arab World

By Martin Keulertz and Eckart Woertz. The Water–Energy–Food (WEF) nexus is a development challenge in the Arab world, particularly in the ‘core nexus countries’ with low to mid-incomes in which limited water endowments permit agricultural production, such as Egypt, Morocco, Tunisia, Lebanon, Algeria, Sudan and Jordan. The WEF nexus is often conceptualized in mere technocratic terms, yet politics matter in the implementation of projects that address it. Internalizing hydrological externalities or...

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Research Papers, Publications and Books

MENA // Food-Water Security and Virtual Water Trade in the Middle East and North Africa

By Marta Antonelli and Stefania Tamea. The purpose of this study is to analyze the political economy of food-water security in the water-scarce Middle East and North Africa region. The study deploys the lens of virtual water trade to determine how the region's economies have met their rising food-water requirements over the past three decades. It is shown that the region's water and food security currently depend to a considerable extent on water from outside the region, ‘embedded’ in food...

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Modelling and Assessment

Assessment // Rapid Assessment of the Water-Energy-Food-Climate Nexus in Six Selected Basins of North Africa and West Asia undergoing Transitions and Scarcity Threats

By Caroline King and Hadi Jaafar. Existing strategies for management of water scarcity in the Middle East and North Africa negotiate a complex system of trade-offs between water, energy, and food production. The effects of rural households' green water management practices on basin-level water, energy, food and carbon stocks and flows are sketched qualitatively in six basin agro-ecosystems. The case for increased strategic support for green agricultural water management practices appears...

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Research Papers, Publications and Books

The Nexus as a Political Commodity // Agricultural Development, Water Policy and Elite Rivalry in Egypt

By Harry Verhoeven. Thinking of the interconnections between water, food, energy and climate is nothing new in the Nile Basin; it has long been anchored in political struggles. For 200 years, Egypt's political economy has been defined by water use patterns and food security strategies that debunk the technocratic myth that rapid growth, interaction with global markets and technological modernization eliminate poor governance practices and allocative inefficiencies. In contrast, the prism of the...

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Research Papers, Publications and Books

To What End? // Drip Irrigation and the Water-Energy-Food Nexus in Morocco

By Guy Jobbins, Jack Kalpakian, Abdelouahid Chriyaa, Ahmed Legrouri and El Houssine El Mzouri. This article draws on three case studies of drip irrigation adoption in Morocco to consider the water–energy–food nexus concept from a bottom-up perspective. Findings indicate that small farmers' adoption of drip irrigation is conditional, that water and energy efficiency does not necessarily reduce overall consumption, and that adoption of drip irrigation (and policies supporting it) can create...

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