Nexus Region Middle East and North Africa Region — MENA

The Middle East and North Africa Region, in short MENA, stretches over 6,000 km from Morocco in the West to Iran in the East. Despite significant subregional difference, the entire area is faced with similar challenges. All MENA countries have to cope with a water deficit, while they strive to achieve a self-sustaining agriculture at the same time. Energy production in the region still strongly relies on fossil fuels, even though there is a high potential for renewable energies. Institutions and administration are dominated by sectoral thinking, but bridging approaches are developing.

Resources

Conferences, Forums and Symposiums

World Future Energy Summit 2019

WFES is a global industry platform connecting business and innovation in energy, clean technology and efficiency for a sustainable future. Acting as an enabler for Abu Dhabi Sustainability Week, WFES inspires the transfer of ideas, technology and investment across borders and between the public and private sectors worldwide. The WFES brand brings together specialist exhibitors, technologies, speakers and insights covering Energy and Efficiency, Water, Solar, Mobility, Waste and Green Buildings.

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Conferences, Forums and Symposiums

The Water-Energy-Food Nexus in the Levant // Challenges and Opportunities

A growing number of countries in semi-arid and arid regions of the world are going to experience severe pressures on natural resources. By 2050, between 4.8 and 5.5 billion people will live under conditions of absolute water scarcity. This will render meaningful local agriculture and thus domestically achieved food security almost impossible.

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Nexus Blog

World Bank Blog // Water, Food and Energy in the Arab World: A Collective Challenge

By Anders Jägerskog. Groundwater is fast disappearing in the Middle East and North Africa region. Under a business-as-usual approach to the use of these scarce resources, it is estimated that they will be gone in about 30 years. This will have a devastating impact on the communities and livelihoods that rely on this water.

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Conferences, Forums and Symposiums

Research Forum // The Water and Energy Nexus within a Trans-boundary Context: Middle Eastern and North American Perspectives

The Faculty of Environmental Studies (FES) at York University and the Arava Institute for Environmental Studies in Israel are holding a one day Research Workshop (November 1) and a one day public Symposium (November 2) at York University on “The water and energy nexus within a trans-boundary context: Middle Eastern and North American perspectives”.

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Waste treatment

Water Utilities for Climate Mitigation // Energy-efficient Pumps for Climate Mitigation in Madaba, Jordan

By Mohammad Almalla. The governorate of Madaba, Jordan receives its drinking water from the Hidaan wells which are more than 400m lower located that the inhabited areas. Consequently, more than 70% of the energy in the Miyahuna Water Company is used to lift the water. The WaCCliM project assessed together with the University of Jordan the energy efficiency of the supply network. With new retrofitted pumps the energy savings exceed 1000 tons CO2 per year.

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Solar-powered Irrigation Systems (SPIS)

Nexus in MENA // Joint FAO-GIZ Session on SPIS with Water-Energy-Food Nexus Focus at Cairo Water Week

By Nisreen Lahham. From 14-18 October 2018, under the auspices of His Excellency President Abdel Fattah Al-Sisi, President of the Arab Republic of Egypt, the Egyptian Ministry of Water Resources and Irrigation (MWRI) organised the “First Cairo Water Week” with the aim of discussing water-related issues, reflecting Egypt’s interest in facing water challenges, including desertification, water scarcity, and climate change.

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Stockholm Water Week

SWWW 2018 Outcomes // MENA Focus: Benefits for Ecosystems and Wetlands Through the Nexus

In the Mediterranean, wetlands are among its richest ecosystems, providing exceptional value and services including water purification, flood control, carbon sink and shoreline stability. However, they are also among its most threatened ecosystems with more than half having disappeared during the 20th century, and most of the rest under degradation or artificialization, mainly through water over-abstraction, urban development and tourism expansion, pollution and drainage.

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Lectures

FAFS Lecture // Is Regional Integration in the Nile Basin possible? The Water-Energy-Food Nexus in Practice

As part of the FAFS Lecture Series, ​FAFS and the Food Security Program invite you to an open lecture on "Is Regional Integration in the Nile Basin possible? The water-energy-food nexus in practice" by Dr. Harry Verhoeven.

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Research Papers, Publications and Books

Water Management in Fragile Systems // Building Resilience to Shocks and Protracted Crises in the MENA Region

Water scarcity is pervasive throughout the Middle East and North Africa and getting worse. Even before the recent political turmoil, several countries in the Middle East and North Africa were struggling to manage their water resources sustainably and to expand water supply and sanitation services efficiently. Now conflict has combined with weak institutional performance and contributed to an intensification of water challenges and a deterioration of water services.

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Implementation and Case Studies

Water-Food-Energy-Environment Synergies and Tradeoffs // Major Issues and Case Studies

By Peter G. McCornick, Seleshi B. Awulachew and Michael Abebe. Using both a brief global overview as well as a closer review of four case studies from India, Ethiopia, Jordon and the USA, this paper tries to (i) a present the nature of the tradeoffs under different hydrological, energy, agricultural and environmental contexts and (ii) provide some anecdotal evidence and illustrative cases for the available policy options for minimizing conflicts but maximizing synergies between water, energy,...

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