Nexus Region Central Asia

The Central Asia region has a highly varied geography, which includes high mountains; vast deserts; and treeless, grassy steppes. The two major rivers are the Amu Darya and the Syr Darya. The Aral Sea is another major water reservoir for the region. However, the distribution of water resources is very difficult in Central Asia. Although the sources of the rivers are formed in Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan, hydroelectric plants weaken as they run to the downstream countries of Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, and Kazakhstan. Population growth, climate change and dwindling precipitation create huge challenges to the Central Asian governments.

Therefore, an analysis of the dynamic links between water, energy, food and ecosystems is crucial in order to understand the challenges in these areas. The WEF-Nexus perspective will not only allow for the identification of the synergies between the different users of the natural resources but it will also help to avoid trade-offs and social conflicts that might occur. Intraregional cooperation will be essential to meet the described challenges.

News, Events and Resources

Fact Sheets

Nexus Fact Sheet // The Nexus Regional Dialogues Programme: The Water, Energy and Food Security Nexus and its on-the-ground operationalisation

Starting in 2014, GIZ on behalf of the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) started to implement Nexus Regional Dialogue activities. This included five regional dialogues and Nexus Resource Platform as faciliation and dissemination tool.

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Research Papers, Publications and Books

Nexus in Central Asia // The Essence of the Nexus Approach in the Context of Global Risks

By Saltanat Zhakenova. This paper is the second in a series on the Nexus in Central Asia. It discusses how to achieve water, energy, food and environmental security.

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Event

Диалог по Взаимосвязи (Нексус) в Центральной Азии // Подготовительное совещание ко второму Центрально-Азиатскому Международному Экологиче

Цель встречи: в рамках подготовки ко второму Центрально-Азиатскому Международному Экологическому Форуму обсудить возможности, которые дает межсекторальное взаимодействие для подготовки инвестиционных проектов, а также запустить региональный механизм координации соответствующего проекта.

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Event

Nexus Dialogue in Central Asia // Preparatory Meeting for the Second Central Asian International Environmental Forum

The goal of the meeting in Tashkent/Uzbekistan will be the preparation for the Second Central Asian International Environmental Forum. The participants will discuss the opportunities, which are provided by intersectoral cooperation for the preparation of investment projects, and to launch a regional coordination mechanism for the Nexus Dialogue in Central Asia.

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Event

Диалог по Взаимосвязи (Нексус) в Центральной Азии // Первая встреча межведомственной рабочей группы в Туркменистане

Цель встречи: обсудить возможности, которые дает межсекторальное взаимодействие для подготовки инвестиционных проектов, а также запустить межсекторальный механизм для разработки проектных предложений в Туркменистане. Главная задача проекта: развитие благоприятных возможностей для многосекторального климатически-устойчивого инвестирования с целью усиления водной, энергетической и продовольственной безопасности в Центральной Азии.

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Event

Nexus Dialogue in Central Asia // First Meeting of the Inter-Agency Working Group in Turkmenistan

The goal of the meeting: to discuss the opportunities, which are provided by intersectoral cooperation for the preparation of investment projects, and to launch an intersectoral mechanism for developing the project proposals in Turkmenistan for the project “Central Asia Nexus Dialogue: Fostering Water, Energy and Food Security Nexus Dialogue and Multi-Sector Investment”. The main objective of the Project is the development of a multi-sector enabling environment to facilitate sustainable and...

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Research Papers, Publications and Books

Central Asia Nexus Dialogue // Stakeholder Analysis Report

The main objective of this stakeholder analysis is to identify key stakeholders as a mechanism to facilitate improvements to inter-sectoral cooperation on Water-Energy-Food security. Many of required changes will be delivered through implementation of project’s Communication Strategy to raise awareness, trainings to build capacity, and influencing to improve legislation, policies, management guidelines and codes of practice on national and regional levels. This stakeholder analysis was...

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Resource

Transboundary Rivers // Transferable Principles for Managing the Nexus: Lessons from Historical Global Water Modelling of Central Asia

The complex relationships within the water-energy-food security nexus tend to be place-specific, increasing the importance of identifying transferable principles to facilitate implementation of a nexus approach. This paper aims to contribute transferable principles by using global model data and concepts to illustrate and analyze the water history of Central Asia.

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Resource

Transboundary Rivers // Sharing Benefits in Transboundary Rivers: An Experimental Case Study of Central Asian Water-Energy-Agriculture Nexus

By Shokhrukh-Mirzo Jalilov, Olli Varis and Marko Keskinen. Cooperation in transboundary river basins is challenged by the riparian countries’ differing needs for water use. This is the case especially in Amu Darya Basin in Central Asia, where upstream Tajikistan is building the Rogun Hydropower Plant (RHP) to increase its energy security, while the downstream countries oppose the plant due to the feared negative impacts to their irrigated agriculture. Several experimental scenarios illustrate...

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Resource

Report and Policy Brief // Rethinking Water in Central Asia: The Costs of Inaction and Benefits of Water Cooperation

By Benjamin Pohl, Annika Kramer, William Hull, Sabine Blumstein, Iskandar Abdullaev, Jusipbek Kazbekov, Tais Reznikova, Ekaterina Strikeleva, Eduard Interwies and Stefan Görlitz. Despite a general commitment to cooperation, Central Asia is witnessing intense competition over water resources. Water policies are often driven by uncoordinated national strategies. A combination of low water efficiency, strong interdependencies, and competing national priorities has caused disagreements, and...

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