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NEXUS Knowledge


NEXUS in Practice

Research and Technology

This project which is funded by the European Union aims to bring emission-free plant and fish breeding from research to market.

Integrated Resource Management

In the framework of the project up to ten selected cities in six Asian countries will be supported with a view to nexuscompliant integrated resource management.

NEXUS Resources

16 Nov 15


Resource accounting in sustainability assessments: establishing a nexus between land, water, food, energy and wealth using the MuSIASEM approach

Multi‐Scale Integrated Analysis of Societal and Ecosystem Metabolism

10 Jun 15


Enhancing institutional arrangements for integrated water, energy and food security in Kenya

In Kenya, land and water are increasingly becoming scarce as industries grow.

02 Dec 14


Regional Food and Agriculture Outlook and Its Implications for the Water-Energy-Food Nexus

by Lucy Pluschke, FAO, at the Workshop on Water-Food-Energy-Ecosystems Nexus Assessment in the Sava River Basin in Zagreb (HR) March 4-6th, 2014

13 Nov 14


Economic Impacts of the Land-Water-Energy Nexus - Exploring it’s Feedbacks on the Global Economy

By Fritz Hellman, Tom Kram and Ton Manders, PBL Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency

12 Nov 14


The agro-food dimension of the nexus

by Jonathan Brooks and Guillaume Gruère, OECD, held at the First Nexus Round Table by OECD in Paris, France, on Sept. 25th, 2014

12 Nov 14


Water-energy-food nexus - Setting the scene

by Ton Manders, PBL Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency, held at the First Nexus Round Table by OECD in Paris, France, on Sept. 25th, 2014

24 Sep 14


Development Progress - Reducing poverty, developing sustainably: food, water and energy trade-offs

This animation showcases the key findings from ODI’s case studies on sustainable development in Brazil, Burkina Faso, China and Viet Nam. It shows that significant progress is being made in the effort to reduce poverty while developing sustainably.

28 Aug 14


2014 World Water Week Programme

World Water Week is organised by the Stockholm International Water Institute (SIWI) and takes place in Stockholm, Sweden. It has been the annual focal point for the globe’s water issues since 1991.

16 May 14


Energy Access and the Nexus with Water, Food and Land

Presentation by Prof. Emanuela Colombo, Rector’s Delegate to Cooperation and Development, UNESCO Chair in Energy for Sustainable Development, Department of Energy - Politecnico di Milano.

14 May 14


China’s Water-Energy Nexus Challenge

Access to water and energy and continuity of supply are two critical issues facing China today. With the population expected to reach 1.6 billion people by 2030, the increasing demand for water and energy will far exceed available resources. Even today, China struggles to provide enough clean, fresh water and energy for industry, agriculture and domestic users. Limited resources have driven China to devise large infrastructure projects, which will significantly change the flows of natural waterways. It is also looking at the Tibetan Plateau as a potential source of future water and energy supply. Encompassing the sources of many of the largest rivers in Asia, China has the power to play water hegemon in the region, raising concerns about water security for downstream riparian neighbours. By Sinéad Lehane, Acting Research Manager, Global Food and Water Crises Research Programme

06 May 14


“The Energy-Water-Food Nexus: Insights for the Business Community”

Through a thorough review of 54 documents (vetted by government, industry, and NGO experts), this document, published by the U.S. Chamber of Commerce Foundation, identifies steps that companies can take to understand and address their connections to the E-W-F nexus. These steps include: 1) Understanding the interconnected nature of the nexus; 2) Surveying and Data Collecting to find a company’s total resource consumption, and from where the resources are consumed; 3) Assessing Risks and Opportunities to see how a corporation’s consumption of resources can impact business operations; 4) Implementing technologies and programs to mitigate nexus risks; 5) Collaborating with stakeholders to address shared risks; 6) Leading the charge to address nexus challenges through engaging the business community.

09 Apr 14

Policy Brief

SEI Research Synthesis: The Water-Energy-Food Nexus

SEI has done a lot of work focused on the water-energy- food nexus, a topic that is deeply relevant to sustainable development planning and policy. This brief draws on SEI’s expertise in hydrology, agriculture, and water and energy systems analysis, and leverages two powerful SEI-built tools: the Water Evaluation and Planning system (WEAP) and the Long-range Energy Alternatives Planning system (LEAP). It also builds on SEI’s on-the-ground research on livelihoods, energy access, sanitation and other issues. The brief describes the ongoing research on the water-energy-food nexus, starting with key insights from SEI’s studies and interactions with stakeholders to date.

29 Mar 14


Food, water, and energy security in South Asia: A nexus perspective from the Hindu Kush Himalayan region

By Golam Rasul. - With limited land resources, inadequate energy supply, and growing water stress, South Asia faces the challenge of providing enough water and energy to grow enough food for the burgeoning population. Using secondary data from diverse sources, this paper explores the food, water, and energy nexus from a regional dimension, emphasizing the role of Hindu Kush Himalayan (HKH) ecosystem services in sustaining food, water, and energy security downstream. The analysis reveals that the issues and challenges in the food, water, and energy sectors are interwoven in many complex ways and cannot be managed effectively without cross-sectoral integration. The most distinctive feature of the nexus in South Asia is the high degree of dependency of downstream communities on upstream ecosystem services for dry-season water for irrigation and hydropower, drinking water, and soil fertility and nutrients. This finding suggests that along with cross-sectoral integration to improve the resource-use efficiency and productivity of the three sectors, regional integration between upstream and downstream areas is critical in food, water, and energy security. Within the nexus approach in South Asia, equal attention should be paid to management of HKH ecosystems–especially the watersheds, catchments, and headwaters of river systems–and to tapping the potential of collaborative gains in water, hydropower, and other ecosystem services through coordination across HKH countries.

28 Mar 14

Nexus Research

The Centre for Carbon, Water and Food at the University of Sydney

“The world is facing a huge challenge: we have got to produce more food, of better quality, and we have got to do it while putting less carbon into the atmosphere and using less water. The Centre for Carbon, Water and Food at the University of Sydney will play a leading role in helping tackle this global challenge,” says Professor Mark Adams of the newly established Centre for Carbon, Water and Food of the University of Sydney. The University of Sydney’s Centre for Carbon, Water and Food, opened in 2013, will deliver research, education and training needed to underpin practices and policies for sustainable management of rural land - both public and private - in Australia and in our major trading partners in the Asia-Pacific region.

05 Mar 14


“Nexus 2014: Water, Food, Climate and Energy Conference”, 5-8 Mar 2014

The Water Institute at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and collaborators will host the Nexus 2014: Water, Food, Climate and Energy Conference on March 5-8, 2014 to examine the thoughts and actions related to a nexus approach. The co-Directors of the Conference are Jamie Bartram, Director of The Water Institute, and Felix Dodds, Associate Fellow at the Tellus Institute, with support from an International Advisory Committee. The Conference will bring together scientists and practitioners working in government, civil society and business, and other stakeholders focusing on the questions of how and why the nexus approach is, and can be, used on international and local levels.

03 Mar 14

Policy Brief

Cross-sectoral integration in the Sustainable Development Goals: a nexus approach

This brief proposes ways to use the water-energy-food nexus framework to facilitate cross-sectoral integration in the Sustainable Development Goals process, with the purpose of making the SDGs more cost-effective, efficient and sustainable in the long term.

25 Jan 14


Making the South African TIMES (SATIM) Energy System Model “Water Smart”

Presentation by Adrian Stone, University of Cape Town, held on Jan 13th, 2014, at the United Nations Office to Support the International Decade for Action “Water for Life” 2005-2015

20 Jan 14

Research Publication

Adding value with CLEWS - Modelling the energy system and its interdependencies for Mauritius

Climate, energy, water and land-use systems are closely integrated, but most related decision- and policy-making occurs in disparate institutional entities, informed by relatively disconnected assessments of the individual resource systems. This paper published in “Applied Energy” presents the added value of an integrated analytical assessment approach. In doing so, it explicitly values various interdependencies and interactions between these systems, primarily from an energy sector perspective. The island state of Mauritius was identified as a useful case study given its diverse climate, its increasing water stresses, and its policy focus on reshaping agricultural land use and reducing fossil fuel imports.

19 Dec 13


Report: Roundtable on Applying Energy Water Food Nexus Thinking

Leading academics, policy makers and thought thought leaders met in New Dehli, India from Nov. 11th - 15th, 2013 to discuss the challenges of the water-energy-food-nexus. Here is the comprehensive report on the Research Council’s UK India Round Table

28 Nov 13

Policy Brief

Realising the Water, Energy and Food Security Nexus

This policy brief provides an overview of Nexus Dialogues, the implementation of the nexus perspective in German development cooperation and present Nexus Initiatives which have emerged from the Bonn2011 Nexus Conference.

27 Nov 13


The nexus across water, energy, land and food (WELF): potential for improved resource use efficiency?

By Claudia Ringler, Anik Bhaduri and Richard Lawford. Water, land and energy resources are all crucial contributors to food security. As a result of growing natural resource scarcity, the inter-connectedness of these sectors has become more apparent, as evidenced by growing tradeoffs and the incipient search for cross-sector efficiencies. Proactive engagement by the water, energy, land and food (WELF) sectors with important roles for national governments and international bodies is required to holistically assess and promote investment options that co-balance benefits across different sectors. Nexus assessments need to consider both human well-being and environmental outcomes, that is, the environment has to have “a seat at the table” for nexus analyses. Outcomes must also be evaluated for the poor, whose well-being is tightly interrelated but often in conflict with maintaining environmental integrity. The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) represent a globally significant test for the implementation of nexus thinking. In: Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability, November 2013.

19 Nov 13

Project Fact Sheet

Integrated Resource Management in Asian Cities: The Urban Nexus

In the framework of this project up to ten selected cities in six Asian countries will be supported with a view to nexus-compliant integrated resource management. During the implementation period, the basis for an integrated resource management approach will be developed. The project focus is on the topics of secure water supply and sanitation systems, energy security and efficiency, land use, physical planning and food security. Moreover, an exchange of knowledge and experiences and the cooperation between public, private and civil-society stakeholders is essential.

22 Oct 13


Resource Accounting for Sustainability

The nexus of inter-related issues concerning land use, water, energy, food and population presents a diversity of scientific, policy and management challenges. This book offers an approach for multi-scale, integrated assessment of this nexus. It presents a comprehensive and innovative method of integrated sustainability assessments, illustrated with three detailed case studies: the islands of Mauritius, the Indian state of Punjab, and the emerging economy of South Africa.

16 Sep 13

Book Publication

Thinking about Water Differently: Managing the Water-Food-Energy Nexus

This publication is the result of a scoping study initiated by the Asian Development Bank to better understand the issues associated with the water-food-energy nexus in Asia and the Pacific. It provides high-level guidance on the choices available to address the region’s water security issues. - The water-food-energy nexus is emerging as a critical issue in Asia and the Pacific. It is clear that solutions must be found to assure water security, thereby eliminating the immediate--and increasing--risk to food security, energy security, and economic growth and stability: water must be recognized as an economic as well as a social good. Governments need to be encouraged to think differently about water, take the longer-term view, and be mindful of the strategic and economic value of this limited resource.

10 Sep 13

Presentation at World Water Week 2013

Nexus Dialogue on Water Infrastructure Solutions

By Mark Smith, IUCN, September 2013

09 Sep 13


Understanding the Water-Energy-Food Nexus: Interview with Alan Matthews, Professor Emeritus of Agricultural Economics at Trinity College Dublin

This interview took place at the IIEA after a seminar on “Understanding the Water-Energy-Food Nexus”.

09 Sep 13


Understanding the Water-Energy-Food Nexus: Interview with Karl Falkenberg, Director General in DG Environment at the European Commission

The interview took place at the IIEA after a seminar on “Understanding the Water-Energy-Food Nexus”.

19 Aug 13


Rear Admiral Neil Morisetti on “The Climate and Energy Nexus: Challenges and Opportunities for Transatlantic Security”

“We’ve got real pressure on key natural resources: food, water, energy, and land,” says Rear Admiral Neil Morisetti, the U.K. Foreign and Commonwealth Office’s special representative on climate change, in this week’s podcast. “But what we haven’t got, if I can use the words of Winston Churchill, we haven’t got ‘action this day.’”

16 May 13


The Global Resource Nexus

A report of the Transatlantic Academy about the the Struggles for Land, Energy, Food, Water, and Minerals.

16 Apr 13


The Value of Soil

This film by the ELD Initiative depicts the value of productive land in provision of ecosystem services and goes on to show the current rapid depletion of this valuable non-renewable resource, which costs us dearly.

16 Apr 13

Planning Tool

Foreseer - Future Resource Pathways

“The Foreseer tool visualises linked energy, water and land resource futures by outputting a set of Sankey diagrams for energy, water and land, showing the flow from basic resource (e.g. coal, surface water, and forested land) through transformations (e.g. fuel refining and desalination) to final services (e.g. sustenance, hygiene and transportation).”

11 Dec 12


The food security challenge of the food-land-water nexus in India

Two of the key factors that drive agricultural growth and food production in India are access to arable land and utilizable water resources. These are examined with particular reference to their regional variation in order to make an assessment of the magnitude of the food security challenge they pose for the country. Recent official estimates of groundwater exploitation in India are compared with actual negative physical, social and economic consequences of over-exploitation, as are evident in different regions, and their implications for national food security discussed. The analyses show that the real food security and water management challenge lies in the mismatch between water availability and agricultural water demand: high demands occur in water scarce but agriculturally prosperous regions and low demands in naturally water-abundant but agriculturally backward regions. Serious groundwater depletion problems, which occur in the naturally water-scarce but surplus food-producing regions, magnify the challenge. The small area of arable land per capita is a major reason for low agricultural water demand in regions that have abundant water. Sustainability of well irrigation in the naturally water-scarce regions, which is the backbone of India’s food security, could be achieved through judicious investment in surface water projects which encourage direct irrigation and replenishment of over-exploited aquifers. Other strategies include: pro rata pricing of electricity in the farm sector; volumetric pricing of water from public irrigation systems; improving the efficiency of utilization of green water or the rainwater held in the soil profile; preventing depletion of the residual soil moisture in the field after crop harvest by reducing the fallow period; and reducing the use of water through a shift to low water consuming crops.

31 Oct 12


A Regional Perspective on Water-Food-Energy

held at the 10th European Conference: The Implementation of the Water Framework Directive Europe‐INBO, by Caner Aktaş, Boğaziçi University

25 Oct 12


The Water-Energy-Food Nexus and Climate Change in Southern Africa

Held at the Second Annual Conference on Climate Change and Development in Africa Addis Ababa, 19-20 October 2012, by Gisela Prasad, Energy Research Centre, University of Cape Town

24 Oct 12


Hydroclimatic shifts driven by human water use for food and energy production

Hydrological change is a central part of global change. Its drivers in the past need to be understood and quantified for accurate projection of disruptive future changes. Here we analyse past hydro-climatic, agricultural and hydropower changes from twentieth century data for nine major Swedish drainage basins, and synthesize and compare these results with other regional and global assessments of hydrological change by irrigation and deforestation. Cross-regional comparison shows similar increases of evapotranspiration by non-irrigated agriculture and hydropower as for irrigated agriculture. In the Swedish basins, non-irrigated agriculture has also increased, whereas hydropower has decreased temporal runoff variability. A global indication of the regional results is a net total increase of evapotranspiration that is larger than a proposed associated planetary boundary. This emphasizes the need for climate and Earth system models to account for different human uses of water as anthropogenic drivers of hydro-climatic change. The present study shows how these drivers and their effects can be distinguished and quantified for hydrological basins on different scales and in different world regions. This should encourage further exploration of greater basin variety for better understanding of anthropogenic hydro-climatic change.

22 Oct 12


Land Matrix

The Land Matrix is an online public database that permits all users to contribute to and improve data on land deals, and for this data to be visualised. The visualisations offer both overviews of the data and complete access to the public database down to the level of an individual deal. The Land Matrix facilitates the collection and representation of data; encourages citizens, researchers, governments, and companies to provide data and improve the quality of and access to data; and provides a regular and accessible analysis of trends. You can explore data through multiple entry points, ranging from summaries that provide insight concerning the contents of the database, to direct access to the data for more in-depth exploration and analysis. The Land Matrix is facilitated by a partnership of organisations with an interest in promoting transparency and accountability in decisions over land and investment through open data. The Land Matrix aims to provide a permanent observatory to which any user can contribute information.

15 Oct 12

Oxfam Report

“Our Land, Our Lives”: Time out on the global land rush

Land eight times the size of the UK was sold off globally in the last decade, enough to grow food for a billion people, equivalent to the number of people who go hungry in the world each night. More than 60 per cent of investments in agricultural land by foreign investors between 2000 and 2010 were in developing countries with serious hunger problems. However, two-thirds of those investors plan to export everything they produce on that land. Oxfam supports greater investment in agriculture and to small-scale producers; however, the unprecedented rush for land has not been adequately regulated or policed to prevent land grabs. This means that poor people continue to be evicted, often violently, without consultation or compensation. Many lose their homes and are left destitute, without access to the land they rely on. The World Bank must act now to temporarily freeze investments involving large-scale land deals so it can review its advice to developing countries, help set standards for investors, and introduce more robust policies to stop land grabs.

11 Oct 12


Water, Energy and Food Nexus

“The nexus approach embeds the opinion water, energy and food security cannot be achieved in single sector methodology. Considering the interlinkages between water, energy and land is crucial for achieving sustainable development objectives.” - Agriwaterpedia is an initiative to foster the provision of approaches and good practices, and to draw data from experiences and lessons learnt from a variety of development countries. The platform is also an instrument to trigger communication and actively promote knowledge exchange.

08 Oct 12


Vital Assets - Investing in Water, Food and Energy

Food, water, energy and metals are the drivers of industrial, economic and social growth. As the world’s population rises and the clamor for higher living standards gets louder, so too the struggle for resource access intensifies. This crisis for mankind and our planet is simultaneously our greatest challenge, as well as a once in a lifetime investment opportunity for visionary investors. Institutional investors are now eager for solutions - by Global Fund Exchange LLC

28 Sep 12


Handbook of Land and Water Grabs in Africa - Foreign Direct Investment and Food and Water Security

According to estimates by the International Land Coalition based at the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD), 57 million hectares of land have been leased to foreign investors since 2007. Current research has focused on human rights issues related to inward investment in land but has been ignorant of water resource issues and the challenges of managing scarce water. This handbook will be the first to address inward investment in land and its impact on water resources in Africa. The geographical scope of this book will be the African continent, where land has attracted the attention of risk-taking investors because much land is under-utilised marginalized land, with associated water resources and rapidly growing domestic food markets. The successful implementation of investment strategies in African agriculture could determine the future of more than one billion people. An important factor to note is that sub-Saharan Africa will, of all the continents, be hit hardest by climate change, population growth and food insecurity. Sensible investment in agriculture is therefore needed, however, at what costs and at whose expense? The book will also address the livelihoods theme and provide a holistic analysis of land and water grabbing in sub-Saharan Africa. Four other themes will addressed: politics, economics, the environment and the history of land investments in sub-Saharan Africa.

24 Sep 12


Managing Water - More Food, Higher Incomes

The AgWater Solutions Project, led by IWMI, explored how innovations in on-farm water management could help smallholder farmers. In Ghana, one of the countries targeted by the researchers, the use of motorized pumps and drip irrigation gives farmers new opportunities to grow valuable crops during the dry season. In this video farmers, scientists and policymakers explain how adopting these simple new technologies can change lives and boost incomes.

24 Sep 12


The Nexus of Forests, Food, Agriculture, Energy, Water and Poverty in A Dynamic World of Globalization, Climate Change and Technological Change

Implications for Future Financing for “Optimal Land Use” - by Uma Lele, CPF Organization Led Initiative (OLI) on Forest, Rome, 19 Sept 2012

18 Sep 12

Conference Proceedings

Balancing Economic Growth and Environmental Sustainability: Focusing on Food-Water-Energy Nexus

A major international conference was held by CEP-BCI in February 2012. The conference benchmarked GMS economic growth between 2001 and 2010 and its impact on environmental and social development as well as provided an outlook for the next decade. Topics discussed included known and emerging economic, environmental, and climate change challenges in the context of food, water and energy security, and participants charted out key strategic thrusts for the coming decade. More than 233 delegates, including senior government officials from the GMS countries, private sector representatives and development partners attended. The conference outcomes have provided important inputs to the GMS program in general, and CEP-BCI Phase II in particular. During the next decade, emphasis will need to be placed on the management of food, water and energy resources in the GMS, which requires a careful balance of economic and environmental interests and better management of natural resources.

14 Sep 12


Rising prices, rising environmental regions?

Constructing a multi-level governance framework for the Water-Energy-Food Security Nexus in the SADC region - by Inga Jacobs, Water Research Commission (WRC), and Manisha Gulati, WWF South Africa

05 Sep 12


The Nexus of Energy, Water and Food in Northeastern Thailand

by Orn-uma Polpanich, Chayanis Krittasudthacheewa and Eric Kemp-Benedict, SEI

04 Sep 12


Dams on the Mekong River: Lost fish protein and the implications for land and water resources

by Stuart Orr, WWF International

04 Sep 12


Crossing Water, Food, and Energy Nexus Boundaries in the Middle East

Green Cities, Integrated Resource Planning Approach and Trade-offs to Meet a Green, Sustainable Economy. By Jay Witherspoon, Mark Anderson, Avinash Pathwardhan, and Jared Thorpe, CH2M HILL

03 Sep 12


Towards a Green and Growing Economy with the Water, Energy and Food Nexus

by Joachim von Braun, Center for Development Research (ZEF), University of Bonn

13 Aug 12


The Global Resource Nexus: An Overview

Transatlantic Academy Senior Fellow Philip Andrews-Speed, gives a brief introduction to the 2011-2012 Collaborative Report “ The Global Resource Nexus: The Struggle for Land, Energy, Food, Water and Minerals.” He describes the methodology behind the report and offers a deeper explanation of the resource nexus.

12 Jul 12


Nexus - Linking systems, resources and actors

by Peter Stigson, Swedish Environmental Research Institute (IVL), held on 3 July 2012 at the Chinese Academy of Science, Institute for Policy and Management (CAS/IPM)

22 Jun 12

Roads from Rio+20

Pathways to achieve global sustainability goals by 2050

This report analyses how combinations of technological measures and changes in consumption patterns could contribute to achieving a set of sustainability objectives, taking into account the interlinkages between them. The potential exists for achieving all of the objectives.

21 Jun 12


Confronting scarcity: Managing water, energy and land for inclusive and sustainable growth

Presentation on the ERD 2011/12 by Dirk Willem te Velde and Imme Scholz, given at the UNCSD (Rio+20) on 19 June 2012

21 Jun 12

Press Release

Sustainable Development Goals: From “silo thinking” towards an integrated approach

Yesterday, the European Commission and the Government of the United Kingdom organised a side-event at the Rio+20 Conference to present the European Report on Development (ERD) 2011/2012 and discuss its findings in the framework of the Sustainable Development Goals. Following the launch of the report in Brussels in May, a number of other events have been organised throughout Europe to present and debate its findings on national level, involving civil society, governments and media. The series of events led to the Rio+20 Conference.

18 Jun 12


Contribution of Himalayan Ecosystems to Water, Energy, and Food Security in South Asia: A nexus approach

In the face of climatic and other socioeconomic changes, most South Asian countries having large and growing population, limited land resources, and increasing water stress face a common challenge of how to grow more food with the same or less land, less water, and increased energy prices. This concept paper seeks deeper understanding of the interlinkages among water, energy, and food, which is crucial to formulate cross-sectoral policies for more resilient and adaptable societies. In South Asia, such a nexus approach inevitably needs to take Himalayan ecosystem services into account. Rice and wheat, the staple foods in South Asia, require huge amounts of both water and energy. The Indus-Ganges-Brahmaputra plain - the sub-region’s grain basket and one of the world’s largest areas of irrigated agriculture - depends in large part on the Himalayan mountain system as a source of both surface and groundwater for irrigation; as a source of hydropower; and as a regulator of climate and a repository of agro-biodiversity. To sustain these services and to ensure both upstream and downstream food, water, and energy security in South Asia, policies and strategies must therefore promote improved management of Himalayan watersheds, forests, wetlands, and rangelands. Recommended measures include support to restoration of natural water storage capacity; development of climate smart, environmentally and socially sound water infrastructure; adequate investment for natural resource management; and incentives to mountain communities for managing Himalayan ecosystems.

18 Jun 12


Building Alliances for People, Food, and Nature

An unconventional approach that involves building alliances between groups competing for limited land and water resources has the potential to dramatically increase food production, boost rural incomes, improve human health and restore degraded land, rivers and habitats, according to a report released today by a newly launched global coalition of leading research, advocacy and multilateral organizations. The coalition, known as the Landscapes for People, Food and Nature Initiative, a collaborative international initiative with ten co-organizers, warns, however, that world leaders must use the upcoming Rio+20 global sustainable development conference to dramatically scale up the”whole landscape” approach – if planet-wide food and environmental crises are to be averted. The whole landscape approach will figure prominently in discussions at Rio+20.

08 Jun 12

In Preparation of Rio+20

Sustainable access to food, energy and water

The main challenge of building a sustainable world is to ensure the right of each and every one of the world’s people to resources and basic services. Furthermore, we have the inescapable obligation to do so in a responsible manner for both us and the rest of species while ensuring the rights of future generations and without exceeding the carrying capacity of the Earth’s natural resources. The scale of this challenge is still tremendous.

08 Jun 12


Nuclear Technology for a Sustainable Future – Water, Energy, Food, Ocean, Health

Nuclear technologies are used daily to find and protect sustainable sources of fresh water, produce energy and food, while providing researchers the tools to study the ocean’s past and predict its future. The IAEA helps its 154 member countries safely employ these technologies to ensure peace, health and prosperity throughout the world.

07 Jun 12

Opening Speech

Germany’s Foreign Office Secretary of State Emily Haber opens the Presentation of the Report “The Global Resource Nexus: The Struggles for Land, Energy, Food, Water, and Minerals”

“The report is indeed timely and very pertinent to our efforts in finding answers to some of the great questions of our time: how do we handle resource scarcities? How do we tackle climate change and mitigate its consequences? How does the growth of world population affect the globe? And – of course – what does all this imply for foreign policy?”

01 Jun 12

In Preparation of Rio+20

Key Messages on Water, Energy and Food to the Norwegian Government for Rio+20

Key messages developed during the seminar “On Food, Water and Energy - in the Context of Rio+20” by participants from Norwegian and international NGO’s during their working groups to the Norwegian Government

01 Jun 12

In Preparation of Rio+20

Women’s Major Group Intervention “Food, Water and Energy”

The Women’s Major Group urges for constructive work on food, water, sanitation and energy. Women, youth and indigenous people are affected most by insuffient efforts to improve access and quality of services in these sectors. – by Rosa Lizarde

30 May 12


International Rivers’ Contribution for the Rio+20 Compilation Document

International Rivers welcomes the opportunity of Rio+20 to provide input into this critical process and offers the following comment and recommendations on the conference’s Green Economy theme.

30 May 12


Power and the Water, Food, Energy Nexus

by Andrew Etzinger, ESKOM, held on the SAWEF Conference in South Africa

30 May 12


Water, Energy, Food Nexus: A Perspective Through Eyes of Water Policy

by Dr. Jerome Delli Priscoli, Institute for Water Resources, US Army Corps of Engineers, Governor World Water Council, Editor in Chief Water Policy, held on the SAWEF Conference in South Africa

24 May 12


The Global Resource Nexus: The Struggles for Land, Energy, Food, Water, and Minerals

Unless the transatlantic community takes the lead in addressing the challenges arising from the unprecedented global demand for land, energy, food, water, and minerals, severe market disruptions are likely to occur, as are increased chances of violent conflict at interstate and local levels in many “hot spots,” especially in Asia, Africa, and Latin America.

21 May 12

Living Planet Report 2012

The Living Planet Report is the world’s leading science-based analysis on the health of our only planet and the impact of human activity. Its key finding? Humanity’s demands exceed our planet’s capacity to sustain us. That is, we ask for more than what we have. A new edition of the report was released on 15 May 2012.

16 May 12

Policy Paper

Zero Net Land Degradation

UNCCD secretariat Recommendations for Policymakers: A Sustainable Development Goal for Rio+20 to secure the contribution of our planet’s land and soil to sustainable development, including food security and poverty eradication

16 May 12

European Development Report 2011-2012

Effective natural resource management for inclusive and sustainable growth in the context of increased scarcity and climate change: what role for the public and private sector?

This project undertakes the preparation of an the European Report on Development (ERD) 2012 researching this issue with the objective of presenting a report on effective natural resources management for sustainable and inclusive growth in the run up to the next RIO+20 Earth Summit in 2012.

08 May 12

Issue Brief

The end to cheap oil: a threat to food security and an incentive to reduce fossil fuels in agriculture

Global Environment Alert Service (GEAS) of UNEP produces bulletin on peak oil and food security: While we already face a situation of food insecurity caused by climate change, exploding populations and an economic downturn, “peak oil” will make it harder to maintain food security, and in the longer-term, could further accelerate global warming. UNEP’s latest GEAS bulletin urges a reduction in fossil-fuel use in agriculture to avoid food shortages and higher food prices in the future. Innovative farming techniques that are less reliant on oil can help ensure a more sustainable food production system while reducing greenhouse gas emissions and other environmental impacts of fossil fuels.

07 May 12

Issue Brief

Economics of Land Degradation – The Costs of Action versus Inaction

In recent years, prices of agricultural land have increased quickly, actually doubling and tripling in many parts of the world. This land value reassessment has been prompted by rising crop prices and perceived land scarcity. But even as the value of land rises, land degradation continues and investments to prevent it are lagging. Awareness of environmental risks has moved to the forefront of global consciousness during the past 25 years. However, this awareness has not translated into comprehensive action to address the problem of land degradation, which poses a serious threat to long-term food security. This inaction is primarily the result of limited knowedge of the costs related to land degradation and of insufficient institutional support. Policy action and research are needed to resolve this paradox of high-value land and low levels of investment. – by Ephraim Nkonya, Nicolas Gerber, Joachim von Braun, and Alex De Pinto


21 Aug 15


Water for Development

25 Feb 15


Abstract submission for the conference “Exploring Geographic Connections”, organised by the Australian National University and taking place in Canberra, 1-3 July 2015, is now open. The event, organised by the Institute of Australian Geographers at the Australian National University (ANU), focuses on exploring and strengthening the links between geography and the diverse domains that geographers apply themselves. Two planned sessions deal explicitly with the nexus.

28 Aug 14

Water-Energy Nexus

A recent report released by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), The Water-Energy Nexus: Challenges and Opportunities, attempts to plan for this uncertainty by providing a landmark review of the US energy-water nexus - the first report of its kind from DOE. - by Kate Zerrenner

25 Aug 14


China’s rapidly growing economy is very quickly testing the limits of its resource constraints. While China is home to a quarter of the world’s population, it is endowed with disproportionately less arable land, oil and water. By Julian L. Wong.

16 May 14

Research Funding

“Integrated approaches to food security, low-carbon energy, sustainable water management and climate change mitigation” is one of the topics of Horizon 2020, the biggest EU Research and Innovation programme ever with nearly 80 billion Euros of funding available over 7 years (2014 to 2020) - in addition to the private investment that this money will attract. Submission of proposals is open until 10 Mar 2015.

26 Mar 14

World Water Day 2014

“In the water sector, the food-energy-water nexus is slowly replacing the concept of Integrated Water Resources Management, “ says Jeremy Allouche, member of the IDS Water Justice Programme and the STEPS Centre.

12 Mar 14

Sustainability Standards

To review, the food-energy-water nexus (one can keep stringing in nouns, -carbon –biodiversity –etc. into the “nexus”) is short hand for recognizing that many of these systems are interconnected.

21 Feb 14

Felix Dodds

“We will not solve the food security challenge unless we solve the water and energy challenges,” says Felix Dodds. “This may be the puzzle to end all puzzles. But there’s a plan. - by Jon Turney

07 Nov 13

Research Scholarship

Humboldt University Berlin/Germany calls for applications for joining a Master or PhD/Postdoc programme on water governance in the MENA region. One of the potential research topics is management of the water-land use-agriculture nexus.

20 Nov 12

NEXUS Interview

An interview with Torgny Holmgren, Executive Director of SIWI, summarising the outcomes of the World Water Week 2012

16 Oct 12

Global Hunger Index 2012

Hunger is inextricably linked to growing pressure on land, water, and energy resources. Recent events—drought, large-scale land investments, high energy prices — underscore how much we depend on these resources to produce the world’s food supply.

27 Jun 12

NEXUS Interview

An interview with Albert Butare, Co-Chair of the Bonn2011 Nexus Conference and NEXUS ambassador

31 May 12

NEXUS Interview

The SEI’s work on the water, energy and food security nexus – an interview with Holger Hoff

19 May 12

European Report on Development 2011-2012

Launched in Brussels on 16 May 2012, the 2012 European Report on Development (ERD) highlights predicted increases in the scarcity of natural resources – with demand for water and energy expected to rise by 40% and demand for food by 50% before we reach 2030.

23 Apr 12

So what’s new?

What has brought nexus thinking to the fore, and what does this nexus look like? How does it relate to climate compatible development?

Recent NEXUS Events

25 Nov 15


The WRC will host an interactive dialogue on the WEF nexus

23–28 Aug 15


Water for Development

01–03 Jul 15


The conferences, organised by the Institute of Australian Geographers at the Australian National University (ANU), focuses on exploring and strengthening the links between geography and the diverse domains that geographers apply themselves. The conference will draw attention to the existing and potential contributions made by geographers to the policy sphere and wider governance system through interactions with the business sector, the not for profit sector and others, in a wide range of contexts, from urban to rural. Two planned sessions deal explicitly with the nexus.

08–09 Sep 14


Intersectoral approaches as well as transboundary search for solutions on the nexus approach will be discussed on a meeting organized by UNECE in September 2014. This is a follow up meeting to an initial meeting in April 2013

20–21 Jan 14


More than 500 participants and more than 60 speakers from around the world are again expected to attend the conference in the next year, which will bring together representatives from biomass cultivation, trade and production as well as the petroleum and the automotive industry.

21–24 Oct 13


To more fully examine the possible approaches to address this need, the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) will hold a workshop aimed at helping to develop an ISO-published International Workshop Agreement (IWA) on guidelines for multiple resource evaluation.

31 Oct 13

Partnership Forum at the Global South-South Expo 2013

SEI is hosting a half-day Partnership Forum to discuss the water-energy-food nexus and how a science-based, integrated approach can help countries achieve more sustainable and successful development.

28–29 Nov 13

Policy Forum

On 28-29 November 2013, the Berlin2013 Policy Forum “Realizing the Water, Energy and Food Security Nexus”, hosted by BMZ in coordination with BMU and organized by GIZ, represents a major building block in a series of Nexus Dialogues which emanated from the Bonn2011 Nexus-Conference.

01 Sep 13

Seminar at the World Water Week 2013

The seminar will critically look at the nexus between the “new” investments in agricultural land in Nile Basin and regional hydropolitical relations.

10–14 Sep 13


1st Inter-Regional Conference on Land and Water Challenges, Bari, Italy

13–14 Jun 13


Workshop by ELD Initiative and Bonn Perspectives - The workshop will serve as catalyst for private sector involvement in the ELD Initiative. Corporate strategists, leaders in sustainability and other representatives of the business community will be asked to outline their needs within the context of further development of the ELD private sector work programme.

22 Feb 13

World We Want 2015

On 22 February 2013, the Energy Nexus Consultation, a special segment of the global energy consultation of the World We Want online consultations, will be closed and wrapped up.

29 Apr–02 May 13

FAO Regional Meeting

The objective of this regional meeting is: to highlite and build on major achievements and impacts of FAO, IFAD, WFP and GIZ land and water programmes and projects implemented by Member Countries in the region through the exchange of success stories, lessons learned, good approaches and practices; and to draw conclusions and recommendations for follow-up actions to improve the impact and effectiveness of land and water projects , initiatives and programmes in the region.

29 Nov 12


The African Union and the United Nations Secretary General’s Advisory Board on Water and Sanitation (UNSGAB) are convening a High-level African Dialogue on the Water-Food-Energy Nexus in Nairobi, Kenya on November 29, 2012.

05–10 Nov 12


In preparation for a Resource Summit to be held in Berlin, Germany in 2013, the Heinrich Böll Foundation offices in Kenya and Ethiopia are calling for applicants from Ethiopia, Kenya, North Sudan, South Sudan, South Central Somalia/Somaliland/Puntland and Tanzania to participate in a regional 3-days workshop to be held between 5th - 10th, November 2012 in Nairobi, Kenya. This workshop will apply the Future Workshop methodology to identify topics and innovative approaches of young people with regard to resource policy.

29 Oct 12–14 Jan 13

Lecture Series

The Lecture Series addresses these key issues by bringing scientists and experts from many disciplines together. It wants to contribute to the current global dialogue regarding the future of our planet. Organised by German Development Institute / Deutsches Institut für Entwicklungspolitik (DIE-GDI),
Institute of Geography/University of Cologne, Institute for Technology and Resources Management in the Tropics and Subtropics (ITT) of the Cologne University of Applied Sciences.

17 Oct 12

Panel at the European Development Days 2012

This panel scrutinises this policy from the perspective of policy coherence for development: what are the impacts of the EU’s demand for biofuels on food security, the access to land and water, and the livelihoods of people in developing countries? What is the way forward for the EU in a world where biofuel mandates are proliferating and food price surges are a recurrent phenomenon?

20–21 Feb 12


This conference was held by CEP-BCI in February 2012 in Bangkok,Thailand. The conference benchmarked GMS economic growth between 2001 and 2010 and its impact on environmental and social development as well as provided an outlook for the next decade.

19 Jun 12

Side Event at Rio+20

Insights from the European Report on Development

20 Jun 12

Side Event at Rio+20

The Side-Event aims at identifying trade-offs between the sectoral objectives and discussing how a better consideration of the interlinkages between energy, water and food security can contribute to the achievement of the energy objectives.

14 Jun 12

Panel Discussion

The third European Report on Development (ERD) – drawn up by three European think tanks, the Overseas Development Institute (ODI), the European Centre for Development Policy Management (ECDPM) and the German Development Institute / Deutsches Institut für Entwicklungspolitik (DIE) – focuses on the use of scarce resources for inclusive and sustainable growth in the spheres of water, energy and land.

06 Jun 12

Report Presentation

by the German Federal Foreign Office (AA), the Transatlantic Academy and the German Advisory Council on Global Change (WBGU)

16–18 Apr 12

Session at the “Brainstorm Green 2012” Conference”

To solve population and resource challenges, societies are looking to the intersection of energy, water, and food. It takes energy to extract, process, and transport water. It takes energy and water to grow food. It takes water and land—which might otherwise be used for food—to produce biofuels. What are the tensions and tradeoffs?

NEXUS in the Media

04 May 16


The Nexus of Food-Energy and Water: Critical Steps to Sustainability

There are links between food, energy, land, and water management in today’s complex world.

28 Feb 16


Recent PLOS research at the food, water, energy nexus

Ecological theory and methods are now increasingly informing public policy and resource management.

26 May 15


Ensuring the UK’s water, energy and food security

Cranfield University has secured funding to research the scaling-up of interventions which address the increasing demand and shortages of water, energy and food.

03 Nov 14


Landmark Report from DOE Highlights New Challenges, Opportunities for the Energy-Water Nexus

A recent report released by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), The Water-Energy Nexus: Challenges and Opportunities, attempts to plan for this uncertainty by providing a landmark review of the US energy-water nexus – the first report of its kind from DOE.

29 Aug 14


New Graphics from DOE Illustrate the Energy-Water-Land Nexus

The primary graphic used to illustrate the connection between these three resources is the Sankey diagram. At first glance, it may make your head spin, but Sankey diagrams are commonly used to visualize energy transfers (although they are also used for other things, such as migration flows).

16 Feb 14

From Analysis to Action - How to Address the Food, Water, Energy Nexus in Africa

Jean AbiNader, long-time Middle East specialist, directs IdeaCom’s services in trade & investment promotion, strategic communications and advocacy, and cross-cultural training, summarises the nexus debates at the Atlantic Council.

30 Aug 13

Yosemite fire shows water resources at risk

Rarely has the connection between rural natural resources, water security and urban prosperity been so abundantly clear. We must substantially increase investment in upper watershed and forest management, as well as forest, wet meadow and watershed restoration to reduce risk from catastrophic wildfires and adapt our landscapes to a changing climate.

26 Aug 13

African drylands could be the next frontier for green revolution

Africa’s expansive dry lands if harnessed sustainably could offer lasting solution to food, water and energy crises in the continent, the UN Dry lands Ambassador Dennis Garrity said.

12 Aug 13

Indonesia at the crossroads: Addressing food security

Indonesia faces a silent but imminent crisis in food, energy and water supplies. There are several indicators that point to food scarcity in which the reduction in energy subsidies will not play a big role.

14 Jan 13

Clossal Food Waste Hitting Energy, Land and Water Supplies

Energy, water and land are being squandered as the world throws out as much as half the food it produces.

07 Dec 12

Holger Hoff on climate and the water-energy-land nexus in the Middle East

An integrated perspective could help countries in the region find more effective approaches to climate-smart development, mitigation and adaptation, the SEI researcher says.

29 Nov 12

Global Creating Shared Value Forum 2012

The GSV Forum 2012 in New Delhi/India on 5 November 2012 brought together opinion leaders from South Asia and beyond to discuss the role business in society, nutrition, water and rural development. This video contains the session on “Water, energy, food security”.

22 Oct 12

New international land deals database reveals rush to buy up Africa

World’s largest public database lifts lid on the extent and secretive nature of the global demand for land: Almost 5% of Africa’s agricultural land has been bought or leased by investors since 2000, according to an international coalition of researchers and NGOs that has released the world’s largest public database of international land deals. The database lifts the lid on a decade of secretive deals struck by governments, investors and speculators seeking large tracts of fertile land in developing countries around the world.

16 Oct 12

Land grabbing: Feeding the world or the corporate bottom line?

With food prices on the rise again, World Food Day this week should attract more attention than usual. Food security is back on the political agenda. That’s good. The world needs to think hard about how it can double food productions in the next 40 years - to keep nine billion people with changing diet expectations fed. And about how to do it while keeping food prices low and stable enough to avoid bread riots. But there are some important questions about the right way to achieve food security that are not getting asked enough. Food security for whom? Is the unleashing of agribusiness the right way to raise productivity? Can markets deliver for the poorest? Will feeding the corporate bottom line also feed the world?

16 Oct 12

Agriculture cooperation in pictures: a key priority ahead of European Development Days

Sustainable Agriculture, Food Security and Resilience is one of the three main themes of discussion at the European Development Days this year. The event will highlight the European Commission’s first ever set of proposals on resilience, which will outline a series of concrete recommendations on how to target the root causes of food insecurity and help millions of people to adapt and recover quickly from shocks. Universal food security is critical and underpins political stability, social welfare and economic growth. But challenges exist in the water-energy-food nexus, including increasing competition for land and water, rising prices of fuel and fertilisers, and climate change. Across the world, complex challenges abound. To help meet these challenges, the European Commission’s ‘Agenda for Change’ – a strategy for increasing the impact of EU development policy – urges support for sustainable practices in agriculture.

15 Oct 12

Food Scarcity: The Timebomb Setting Nation against Nation

As the UN and Oxfam warn of the dangers ahead, expert analyst Lester Brown says time to solve the problem is running out.

11 Oct 12

“Better Land, Water Management Needed to Fight Hunger,” Group Says

Smarter use of land, water and energy is needed for the world to continue to make gains against hunger, the International Food Policy Research Institute said today as it released its annual Global Hunger Index. The gauge shows 20 countries with levels of hunger that are “extremely alarming” or “alarming,” down from 26 last year and 43 in 1990 when the institute began compiling the index. Burundi, Eritrea and Haiti scored the worst, while the Democratic Republic of Congo, a perennial poor performer, didn’t have enough data to be ranked. The bulk of low-scoring countries are in sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia.

10 Oct 12

Forget future land and water scarcity, will there be enough farmers?

With droughts on three continents triggering rising food prices, Malthusian fears are growing about the world’s ability to feed a fast-growing population. Do we have enough land? What about climate change? Will we - as the Stockholm World Water Week will ask in the coming days - have enough water? Could we even run short of farmers? Such fears are real. The current research focus on the sustainable intensification of farming systems around the world to feed more mouths is important. A world of nine billion people by mid-century could need 70 per cent more food. But there is another narrative that seems set to play out over the decades beyond. We may - just may - be on a path to peak population. By late this century, it is perfectly possible that our numbers will have peaked and be falling. And that could change all our perceptions about future food security.

24 Aug 12

Water Week chief: Better management, governance needed

Droughts, poor land use and water access have all contributed to recent volatility in food prices and regional food emergencies. To address such insecurity in food supplies, good water management and governance – as well as reliable early warning systems – are needed, says Jens Berggren, who heads World Water Week that begins on 26 August in Stockholm.

22 Aug 12

Feeding a Thirsty World

The World Water Week 2012 in Stockholm will zoom in on food security and the global water situation. This is warranted not least from the perspective of the increasing imbalances in global food security. In this article, Dr. Anders Jägerskog sums up the thrust of a report he edited on this topic, which is meant to provide input for the Week’s deliberations.

22 Aug 12

The Battle for Water - Feeding the thirsty: Why we need integrated thinking on water and food security

The World Water Week 2012 will focus on food security and the global water situation. To bring some perspectives to that debate Stockholm International Water Institute (SIWI) is launching a report called “Feeding a Thirsty World: Challenges and Opportunities for a Water and Food Secure Future”. The publication is intended to provide an overview of the areas that relate to food security and water. It will give food for thought through providing the latest knowledge on issues such as food waste, land acquisition and water, gender aspects of agriculture, early warning systems for agricultural emergencies as well as a take on water and food linkages. The articles of the report aim to provoke appropriate concern and inspire action where needed. Getting the question of water and food security “right” is not simply urgent and important. It is imperative to the health and well-being of all people and the planet.

26 Jun 12

Managing the Water-Land-Energy Nexus for Sustainable Development

We live in the Anthropocene in which humans have become a major force shaping the environment. Rising incomes and reduced poverty have coincided with the growing demand for goods and services, such as food and energy, which in turn has increased the pressure on natural resources and ecosystems leading to their over-exploitation and degradation. Climate change adds to this predicament, as several climate adaptation and mitigation measures such as irrigation, desalination, or biofuels, are also resource intensive. In a recent attempt to quantify the limits of global resources, the Planetary Boundaries framework, a critical environmental threshold beyond which rapid and unexpected systemic or “regime” shifts may be triggered, was developed. This framework tries to establish global limits for water, land, and energy use (atmospheric carbon dioxide concentration as a proxy), and for other natural resources, such as nutrients or biodiversity.

13 Jun 12

UNCCD Calls for Rio+20 to Agree on a Sustainable Development Goal on Land

The international community needs to agree on a sustainable development goal with a measurable target of achieving zero net land degradation by 2030. Such a bold decision would enhance efforts in all regions of the world to restore degraded land and sustainably manage non-degraded land by means of Sustainable Land Management (SLM) practices and techniques. “Land is the earth’s natural and indispensable infrastructure for life,” and demands “sustainable land use for all and by all, especially in the agricultural activities.” Dr Mansour N’Diaye, Chef de Cabinet, United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD) made these remarks this morning at the opening of the Asia Regional Media Workshop on Desertification, Land Degradation and Drought taking place in Chifeng, Inner Mongolia, China.

12 Jun 12

Where next for the WEL nexus? Some clues from efforts to integrate in water

Water, energy and land are headline issues in the run-up to Rio+20. The 2012 European Report on Development (ERD), which has its UK launch at DFID on 11 June, and a launch in Berlin on 14 June, puts the knotty problem of increasing scarcity and interconnections between these resources centre-stage: the Water, Energy and Land (WEL) nexus. There are still hopes that outcomes from Rio will bridge between environmental and developmental agendas, for example by agreeing a mandate to set Sustainable Development Goals. Such big ideas will need to be backed up by other radical rethinks in the way we approach our environment, societies and economies.

08 Jun 12

Improving conflict management where resources are at stake

Important resources such as water, land, energy and minerals are becoming ever scarcer. This is due to population growth and rapid economic development, but also to the lack of suitable forums for conflict settlement and resource management. A report released by the Transatlantic Academy investigates this problem. It was brought to policymakers’ attention at an event co‑hosted by the Federal Foreign Office, the Transatlantic Academy and the German Advisory Council on Global Change in Berlin on 6 June.

05 Jun 12

Water for Food Conference Ends with Calls to “Think Big”

Humanity is in a “race against time” to produce enough food to feed itself, hampered by a false sense of comfort that set in over the last few decades when food supplies generally outpaced demand, said a University of Nebraska-Lincoln agronomist who’s one of the world’s leading experts on feeding the world. Ken Cassman was one of several who reflected Friday on the final day of the fourth annual global Water for Food Conference, hosted by the Robert B. Daugherty Foundation at the University of Nebraska and the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation.

31 May 12

UN Guidelines Address “Land-Grabs”

The United Nations has issued the first-ever set of guidelines that addresses the displacement of people or their livelihoods in deals made by their governments to lease or sell large areas of land. The Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries and Forests in the Context of National Food Security, issued this month by the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), is a first step toward defining and improving recognition of land, water, forest and fishery rights of people, many of them indigenous and poor, affected by land deals.

31 May 12

Conflicts Escalate in Brazil as Drought Drags On

In the first four months of 2012, Brazil has seen 14 murders of rural leaders, farmers and indigenous people in disputes over the growth of agribusiness, a 75 percent increase over the same period last year.

29 May 12

Innovation “must consider water, energy and land jointly”

More technological innovation is needed to fight growing resource scarcity, but it will only be successful in achieving sustainable development if it considers the use of water, energy and land as interdependent issues, according to a European report. Investment in innovation is required for sustainable agriculture, for achieving more efficient use of water and energy, and for rolling out renewable energy technologies, says the ‘European Report on Development 2011–2012’, funded by the European Commission and seven European states.

22 May 12

Bring the Water-Energy Nexus to Rio+20

Global demand for energy will increase 30 percent by 2030, according to estimates, but in regions that are experiencing rapid economic growth, the increased demand for energy will lead to increased demand for water. The conflicting nature of achieving both water and energy security is exacerbated by a lack of institutional policy frameworks that integrate both concepts. However, the upcoming UN Rio+20 Sustainable Development Conference could provide an opportunity to change that.

21 May 12

Is environmentally sustainable water, energy and land for all possible?

Lowering consumption in the developed world, renewables, ending land grabs, a price for natural resources, private sector investment – what’s the answer?


  • IFPRI International Food Policy Research Institute
  • WEF World Economic Forum
  • WWF World Wide Fund for Nature

Bonn2011 Nexus Conference – in the context of Bonn Perspectives

  • Bonn Perspectives

initiated by

  • BONN
  • BMZ

funded by

  • European Regional Development Fund EFRE
  • NRW Ministerin fr Bundesangelegenheiten, Europa und Medien des Landes Nordrhein-Westphalen
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