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Ensuring the WEF security through advancing the energy efficiency at pumping stations and digitalization of the metering in the Republic of Tajikistan
Ensuring the sustainable operation of Tajikistan’s pumping stations
The Sughd Region plays a leading role in Tajikistan’s economy, particularly with respect to its agricultural sector, a vital contributor to the country’s GDP. Consequently, the region corresponds to about 80% of the country’s total energy consumption for irrigation purposes, being heavily dependent on pumped irrigation.
As the agricultural sector is highly dependent upon water supply, the absence of timely action leads to an annual decrease of agricultural output, putting the energy and food security of the country at risk. In addition, the high segregation of dekhan households into smaller houses make the sector less attractive to potential investors.
To respond to these challenges and ensure proper electricity consumption, ALRI is considering introducing power metering and energy-efficient technologies at a pumping stations in the Sughd Region, envisioning a nation-wide replication. To this end, the most energy-consuming pumping stations in the Sughd Region were selected for the priority implementation of pilot electricity control and monitoring systems.
THE NEXUS REGIONAL DIALOGUE IN THE CENTRAL ASIAN REGION
The Water-Energy-Food (WEF) Nexus approach focuses on negotiating trade-offs, inspiring compromises and uncovering synergies to ensure water, energy and food security in the long run. It further promotes policy coherence and cooperation between all three sectors at the regional, local, and global level, and assesses alternative resource management, technology, and governance options to promote efficiency in the use of natural resources.
The Central-Asia Nexus Dialogue project, ‘Fostering Water, Energy and Food Security Nexus Dialogue and Multi-Sector Investment’ is implemented by the Regional Environmental Center for Central Asia (CAREC). It is part of the global Nexus Regional Dialogues programme, co-funded by the European Union (EU) and the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ).
Adopting a WEF Nexus approach in Tajikistan
The WEF Nexus approach aims at ensuring inclusive water, energy and food security on the path to a climate resilient and resource efficient future for all. It contributes to a better understanding of the interconnectedness between these vital resources, as well as their planning, management, and consumption. It further promotes policy coherence and cooperation between the three sectors at the regional, local, and global level, through negotiation of trade-offs and inspiration of compromises among different actors.
The adoption of such integrated approach has a large potential to improve efficiency in Tajikistan’s water and energy sectors. Higher efficiency means lower water and electricity tariffs, which reflects in lower agricultural production costs, thus contributing to decreasing food prices and increase the population’s purchasing power. This results in an overall welfare improvement in different areas. Environmentally, by saving natural resources; economically, by saving income and increasing purchasing power; nationally, by securing WEF security in the long run.