@ GIZ/ Guenay Ulutunçok
The Water-Energy-Food-Ecology (WEFE) nexus is related to the realization of the goal of high-quality economic development in Northwest China. This paper analyzed the dynamic change trend, spatial evolution characteristics, and spatial convergence of identified WEFE nexus in Northwest China utilizing the coupling coordination degree model, an ESDA instrument, and the spatial convergence model. The results show that: first, the WEFE nexus in Northwest China presents a "V" shaped trend of decreasing first and then rising in time dimension. After a decline of 25.1% in 2002–2012, it increased by 29.7% in 2012–2017. Second, the WEFE nexus in Northwest China shows positive spatial autocorrelation, and the Moran’s I index of this is about 0.15. In spatial dimension, it shows a trend of high-value agglomeration around provincial capitals, and the distribution pattern is relatively stable. Thirdly, the WEFE nexus in Northwest China has significant spatial convergence, that is, the WEFE nexus gap between the prefectures in Northwest China is shrinking, and the convergence rate is between 2.83 and 3.16. Moreover, with the development of the economy, the rational allocation of land and labor resources, and the optimization of fiscal expenditure structure, the WEFE nexus in Northwest China will converge to the same steady state level after a long period of time. In general, in the process of improving the WEFE nexus in Northwest China, the heterogeneous characteristics of prefectures should be fully considered, and a trans-regional cooperative management and restriction mechanism of the WEFE nexus should be explored to achieve high-quality development of the region.
WEFE nexus, spatiotemporal differences, spatial convergence, dynamic evolution, ESDA instrument
Frontiers in Energy Research, Volume 9, 26 April 2021
Wang M, Zhu Y-F, Gong S-W and Ni C-Y (2021) Spatiotemporal Differences and Spatial Convergence of the Water-Energy-Food-Ecology Nexus in Northwest China. Front. Energy Res. 9:665140. doi: 10.3389/fenrg.2021.665140