event 20 июл. 2022

Research Article // Toward Water, Energy, and Food Security in Rural Indonesia: A Review

By Hunggul Yudono Setio Hadi Nugroho and colleagues. The Indonesian government is committed to meeting national targets on WEF security, as specified in the country’s long- and medium-term plans. The largest challenge in optimizing the WEF nexus is balancing human needs and environmental sustainability as mandated in the Indonesian State Constitution. From a regulatory perspective, the integrated management through the nexus approach is still in its early development.

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Figure 1. Interlinkages of WEF and Ecosystem (Nugroho et al., 2022)


Indonesia is an archipelago with significant variations in natural resources, infrastructure, socioeconomic, culture, human resource capacity, accessibility, and access to financial and technical assistance. In this situation, integrated and unique efforts are needed to manage natural resources and build synergy between their protection and utilization to achieve water, energy, and food (WEF) security in accordance with the SDG targets. This paper analyzes the implementations of the WEF nexus in rural Indonesia by examining existing legal frameworks and other related policies, journals, textbooks, and publications. We explore factors influencing the success and failure of the implementation of the WEF nexus approaches from technical, socioeconomic, cultural, political, and institutional perspectives of the rural development framework.


May 2022




Nugroho, H. Y. S. H., Indrawati, D. R., Wahyuningrum, N., Adi, R. N., Supangat, A. B., Indrajaya, Y., ... & Hani, A. (2022). Toward Water, Energy, and Food Security in Rural Indonesia: A Review. Water, 14(10), 1645.


Toward Water, Energy, and Food Security in Rural Indonesia: A Review

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