Dar es Salaam, not unlike other rapidly developing metropolitan regions, contains a complex set of ecological, social, economic, political, administrative and institutional systems. The metropolitan region faces a multitude of risks and vulnerabilities:
- scarcity of access to resources – particularly energy and water;
- a back-log of municipal services (e.g. transport, water, drainage and waste management);
- burgeoning informal sector, high poverty and unemployment rates, in turn linked to malnutrition and health challenges; and
- an on-going need to create social and economic development, which simultaneously also provides opportunities that must be harnessed (e.g. a young entrepreneurial population).
In the face of a changing climate. New Urban NEXUS models of planning, implementation and design are required in order to reduce these risks, and to create a future productive and resilient city that can maintain its high contribution to local and national economic development.