Research Article // Climate Change, Security, and the Resource Nexus: Case Study of Northern Nigeria and Lake Chad
Studying the intersection of climate change, resource scarcity and security is pivotal to understanding multiple existing environmental stress factors and how they affect livelihoods and governance. Based on a nexus approach, this paper confirms failures in land grazing policy in northern Nigeria and the Lake Chad region as a main driver for displacements, which in turn lead to regime shifts in agriculture practices, deterioration of ecosystem services and violent conflicts.
This paper analyses the impacts of climate change and its implications for human security for the regions of Northern Nigeria and Lake Chad. The introduction identifies a gap between evidence on global environmental change and interactions on the ground; it positions the scope for a deeper understanding of the climate–security–resource nexus in Northern Nigeria and Lake Chad and consequences for the implementation of SDGs (Sustainable Development Goals). The section on methods describes the nexus concept and justifies adopting it. As a result of analysing the region, the paper sheds light on the conflict pathways triggered by failures in land grazing policy, which is further evidenced by a short comparison with Northern Kenya. A potentially novel contribution is discussed in terms of scaling up collaboration and green markets for the future of Lake Chad, along with an integrated agricultural nexus policy, both of which are ambitious in the spirit of mission-oriented policies and delivering on the SDGs.
Wakdok SS, Bleischwitz R. Climate Change, Security, and the Resource Nexus: Case Study of Northern Nigeria and Lake Chad. Sustainability. 2021; 13(19):10734. https://doi.org/10.3390/su131910734
Climate Change, Security, and the Resource Nexus: Case Study of Northern Nigeria and Lake Chad