Water-Energy Nexus // Energy Resource Use Options for Improved Energy Security in Ethiopia
By Hiroshan Hettiarachchi, UNU-FLORES. Ethiopia’s energy sector faces critical challenges to meet a steadily increasing energy demand. This is due to the low development of electric restructure, the countries strong dependence on imported oil, and drought vulnerable hydroelectric power.
- Investigated Ethiopia’s least cost investment for integrated energy source diversification
- Assessed impacts of drought expected from future climate change on hydroelectric generation
- The country would need to invest in the development of alternative energy resources
- This would enhance the sustainability and reliability of energy generation, but also increase costs
- A greater rates of technological and efficiency innovations improve electricity diversification and reduce production costs; and are thus key for enhancing energy security