Semantic Analysis // Supporting Collaboration in Interdisciplinary Research of Water-Energy-Food Nexus by Means of Ontology Engineering
By Terukazu Kumazawa, Keishiro Hara, Aiko Endo and Makoto Taniguchi. In this article the authors focus on ontology engineering, which is a base technology in semantic web technology, as a method providing common terms, concepts, and semantics. This article discusses the effectiveness of ontology engineering approach in the process of collaborative research. For this purpose, the authors first describe how to identify/design the research question in an interdisciplinary activity. Second, they describe the ontology as a domain-neutral metamodel and represent (illustrate) its construction process in a domain-neutral manner. Third, the authors attempt to apply the ontological approach to the experimental environment of the interdisciplinary research process. Finally, thry discuss the future direction of collaboration support by means of ontology based on the problems of ontological approach which were revealed through a series of experiments.
In the artificial knowledge field ontology is defined as explicit specification of conceptualization. Ontology engineering is a key method for information technology that can be understood by people and computers. An ontology consists of concepts and relationships that are needed to describe the target world and provides common terms, concepts, and semantics by which users can represent content with minimum ambiguity and interpersonal variation of expression. An ontology is expected to contribute to the structuring of the knowledge in the target world. The construction of a well-designed ontology enables an explicit understanding of the target world. An ontology, however, is identified not by the form of the knowledge, such as description languages and representation forms, but rather by the content of some described knowledge and the roles that the described knowledge plays.
The paper is part of the special issue of the Journal of Hydrology.
ScienceDirect website (open access)
Journal of Hydrology: Regional Studies, Volume 11, June 2017, Pages 31-43