Tools and Databases

Tools // Water, Energy and Food Nexus Tool 2.0

Water, energy, and food are interconnected resource systems which face numerous challenges including a growing global population, economic crises, poverty and hunger, and climatic uncertainties. Meeting these challenges requires a paradigm shift in our conventional resource allocation model to account for the tight interconnections that exists among them. In working towards this goal, the authors have developed a resource allocation strategy assessment platform (WEF Nexus Tool 2.0) that aims to support decision-makers in identifying sustainable resource management strategies informed by the water-energy-food nexus.

The WEF Nexus Tool 2.0 serves as a common platform that brings together scientific know-how and policy input in an effort to identify current and anticipated bottlenecks in resource allocation trends, while highlighting possible trade-offs and opportunities to overcome resource stress challenges. The tool is scenario-based and attempts to explicitly quantify the interconnections between the three resources, while capturing the effects of population growth, changing economies and policies, climate change and other stresses. It provides the user with the ability to create scenarios for a given country by defining the following inputs:

  • Food portfolio: identifying local food production levels versus imports, and technologies in agricultural production.
  • Water portfolio: identifying different sources of water and amounts needed of each.
  • Energy portfolio: identifying sources of energy for water, and energy for agricultural production.

Even though the water-energy-food framework is generic, scenarios created by the tool are site specific and defined by the local characteristics of the area of study. These may include local yields of food products, water and energy availability and requirements, available technologies and land requirements. The characteristics are defined by the user and allow for the creation of country-specific profiles. The WEF Nexus Tool 2.0© enables users to visualize and compare the resource requirements of their scenarios, and calculate the ‘sustainability index’ of each scenario.

The tool was recently included as part of the United Nations Development Group’s ‘Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) Acceleration Tool Kit.

General

The tool allows the user to create different scenarios with varying food self-sufficiencies, water sources, energy sources, and countries of import. The output includes a summary of:

  • Water requirements (m3)
  • Local energy requirements (kJ)
  • Local carbon emissions (ton CO2)
  • Land requirements (ha)
  • Financial requirements (QAR)
  • Energy consumption through import (kJ)
  • Carbon emissions through import (ton CO2)

The user is able to discover and visualize the amount of resources consumed by different proposed scenarios. The user would also able to decide the importance of each of the systems (water, local energy, local carbon, land, financial, energy through import and carbon through import). According to input given by user, the tool calculates the “sustainability index” of each of the proposed scenarios.

Key concepts

  • Food security
  • Energy security
  • Water security
  • Water footprint
  • Green water footprint
  • Blue water footprint
  • Carbon footprint
  • Open field vs protected agriculture
  • Sustainability index

Authors

Under the supervision of Dr. Rabi H. Mohtar, Bassel T. Daher developed the WEF Nexus tool during pursuing his MSE degree at Purdue University. The interface was later created at Qatar Environment and Energy Research Institute and the first tool version was launched October 2013 and was publically available on the QEERI website. 

The first tool version was accessed by users from more than 20 countries, coming from more than 50 institutions and governmental agencies worldwide. As a result of the feedback we got from users through surveys and direct communication, we are now introducing a new modified and more user friendly version of the WEF Nexus Tool with additional features. 

Access

WEF Nexus Tool 2.0 website

Further reading

#embed id=3992 class=list

› back

Climate Change

Publication // Ten Principles to integrate the Water-Energy-Land Nexus with Climate Services for co-producing Local and Regional Integrated Assessments

By Roger Cremades, Hermine Mitter, Nicu Constantin Tudose, Anabel Sanchez-Plaza, Anil Graves, Annelies Broekman, Steffen Bender, Carlo Giupponi, Phoebe Koundouri, Muhamad Bahri, Sorin Cheval, Yamir Moreno, Oscar Melo, Katrin Karner, Cezar Ungurean, Serban Octavian Davidescu, Bernadette Kropf, Floor Brouwer, Mirabela Marin. This paper present ten principles which shall guide climate-informed decisions across Nexus resources.

// more
SDGs

Nexus Workshop // Water, Energy and Food: EU Delegations trained to apply ‘Nexus Thinking’

The Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH organised in cooperation with the EU International Cooperation and Development (DG DEVCO) a training on the WEF nexus for representatives of EU Delegations in 16 countries.

// more
Peace and conflict

Projet Nexus// Améliorer la sécurité et la résilience au changement climatique dans les contextes fragiles à travers le Nexus Eau-Energie - Sécurité Alimentaire (Frexus), au Mali, au Niger et au Tchad.

Le cercle vicieux rareté-concurrence-conflits-instabilité qui pèse actuellement sur de nombreuses communautés du Sahel peut se transformer en un cercle vertueux de résilience-gestion durable des ressources-coopération-sécurité. Pour y parvenir, le projet Frexus promeut des approches intersectorielles et intégrées pour la gestion des ressources naturelles, au sein des communautés locales confrontées aux conséquences de la rareté des ressources et aux impacts du changement climatique. Frexus...

// more