Research Papers, Publications and Books

The Water-Energy-Food Nexus // Women’s Lens for Fisheries Security

By Marieta Baňez Sumagaysay. The water-energy-food (WEF) nexus, in an environment of increasing climate variability, is one lens which stakeholders must develop and embrace. Changes in the climate are intensifying the pressures on natural resources on which food production is primarily dependent. An increasing population further impacts on the ecosystem. The challenge is mounting on the fish drying food chain in Brgy Duljugan in Palompon, Leyte, Philippines. Heightening the women fish driers’ awareness about the nexus and strengthening their roles within the nexus are crucial towards attaining sustainable and resilient livelihoods. Likewise, policymakers’ appreciation of the WEF nexus is necessary as a basis for crafting integrated policies on climate, environment, and socio-economics.

Women fish dryers need to close the knowledge gaps in the WEF nexus. Fish drying is an energy-intensive production activity, yet the women whose lives revolve around fish drying are in energy-deficient coastal communities. Today, the method of dried fish production is highly dependent on the sun. Clean water supplies are inadequate. Incomes are not maximized due to the impact of climate variability on water and energy. It is imperative, therefore, to seriously consider wastewater management before wells dry up. Moreover, spoilage of fish that cannot be dried due to the unpredictable rains must be reduced by providing alternative gender-responsive technologies and/or common service facilities that will enable women fish dryers to benefit.


Asian Fisheries Society website (open access)


December 2017


Gender in Aquaculture and Fisheries: Engendering Security in Fisheries and Aquaculture, Special Issue of Asian Fisheries Science 30S (2017): 221-229

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TEDxTAMU about meliorism

TedX Talk on SDG and the WEF- Nexus // How will you Choose to Contribute?

TedX talk at Texas A&M Univerity by Bassel Daher introduces three major interconnected challenges facing our global community: water, energy , and food security. Focusing on the importance of working across disciplines to address these complex challenges, Daher presents the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals as a platform and catalyst that contributes to resolving them. He highlights the important role of science in supporting the development of the policies needed to achieve a more...

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*الترابط بين الغذاء والهجرة // الأسباب الجذرية للنزوح: انعدام الأمن الغذائي، والنزاع، والهجرة الدولية

أجرى برنامج الأغذية العالمي هذه الدراسة لتحديد الدور الذي يقوم به الأمن لغذائي وعوامل أخرى لإرغام الناس على الهجرة عبر الحدود. وتعبر هذه الدراسة، التي استندت إلى بحوث كمية ونوعية، على أصوات الناس الذين غادروا البلدان التي نشأوا فيها عن طريق عرض الروايات الشخصية لمهاجرين من مختلف البلدان. وقد استمدت هذه الروايات من مقابلات تمت في تركيا، والأردن، ولبنان، وإيطاليا، واليونان.

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Book Chapter // The Importance of the Water-Energy Nexus for Emerging Countries When Moving Towards Below 2 °C

By Gary Goldstein, Pascal Delaquil, Fadiel Ahjum, Bruno Merven, Adrian Stone, James Cullis, Wenying Chen, Nan Li, Yongnan Zhu, Yizi Shang, Diego Rodriguez, Morgan Bazilian, Anna Delgado-Martin, Fernando Miralles-Wilhelm. The Thirsty Energy initiative of the World Bank assists countries to address water and energy planning challenges in an integrated manner. This book chapter analyses two Case Studies for South Africa and China and their different approaches to developing “water-smart” energy...

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