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Research Papers, Publications and Books

Research // Sustainable Development Goals and Policy Integration in the Nexus

By David Le Blanc. This article tries to shed light on the question of whether the SDGs can provide a conducive framework for policy integration in the Nexus. To do so, the author assesses the degree to which the structure of the SDGs takes note of existing links among targets within the Nexus, and compares it to what scientists say about existing links. The next section briefly reviews what is known about interactions in the Nexus. The third section documents how the SDG and targets link areas within the Nexus. In the fourth section the author contrasts the links that are made within the SDGs themselves and the links that have been documented by scientists and practitioners in the Nexus.


David Le Blanc is an economist currently working in the Division for Sustainable Development in the United Nations Secretariat in New York. While at the UN he has worked on financing, integrated strategies for sustainable development, mining, agriculture and food, and sustainable development assessments. Prior to joining the UN he worked at the World Bank as a senior economist in the urban and housing finance groups.




The Water, Food, Energy and Climate Nexus: Challenges and an agenda for action. Edited by Felix Dodds and Jamie Bartram. London, New York 2016, pp. 47-57

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Peace and conflict

Project // Improving Security and Climate Resilience in a fragile Context through the Water-Energy and Food Security Nexus (Frexus)

The Frexus project fosters cross-sectoral and integrated approaches in resource management, within local communities in Mali, Niger and Chad that are faced with the consequences of resource scarcity and climate change. The vicious cycle of resource scarcity, competition, conflict and instability currently challenging many communities, can be turned into a virtuous cycle of resilience, sustainable resources management, cooperation and security. Frexus (Nexus in Fragile contexts) aims at providing...

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Pocket Flyer // Water, Energy and Food for All A Nexus Approach

The 2017 BMZ Water Strategy, with its six intersectoral strategies, is a binding basis for German Development Cooperation and integrates cross-sectoral thinking for economically sustainable, integrated and climatefriendly development. The Water, Agriculture and Energy Nexus is one of six intersectoral strategies, highlighting the need to achieve water, energy and food security for well-being.

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Publication // What-If: An Open-Source Decision Support Tool for Water Infrastructure Investment Planning within the Water–Energy–Food–Climate Nexus

By Raphaël Payet-Burin, Mikkel Kromann, Silvio Pereira-Cardenal, Kenneth Marc Strzepek and Peter Bauer-Gottwein. This paper presents a new open-source hydro-economic optimization model, incorporating in a holistic framework, representations of the water, agriculture, and power systems. The model represents the joint development of Nexus related infrastructure and policies and evaluates their economic impact, as well as the risks linked to uncertainties in future climate and socio-economic...

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