Project // Food Water Energy for Urban Sustainable Environments (FUSE)

The FUSE consortium will help create implementable solutions to meet the urban-FWE challenge with a development path that is sustainable and adapted to local needs. Pune (India, monsoonal) and Amman (Jordan, semi-arid) were selected as representative of different archetypal expressions of urban FEW challenges.

Innovative policies and governance forms are needed to address competition for scarce resources in stressed urban food-water-energy (FWE) systems. The FUSE consortium, supported by the Belmont Forum and other sponsors, adopts an innovative two-stage Living Lab approach in which stakeholders:

  • Produce solutions for future urban-FWEs challenges
  • Engage in participatory model building, and
  • Examine the merits of proposed solutions.

Detailed system models will quantify connections and feedbacks among users, producers, distribution mechanisms, and resources. The FUSE approach will be applied to Amman, Jordan and Pune, India: growing metropolitan regions each containing approximately five million people, intermittent freshwater supplies, and significant competition with agriculture for water and energy. The transdisciplinary team adopts a systems approach to human-biophysical-engineered interactions. For the first time, this project will construct multi-agent urban-FWE system models for each region to capture connections and feedbacks among users, producers, distribution mechanisms, and resources.

Intellectual Merit

The project consortium will conduct inter- and trans-disciplinary research aimed at innovation through FUSE international teams (Germany, Austria, United States), but will necessarily involve fundamental (Germany, United States) and applied research (Austria, United States). Fundamental research involving multi-agent model development will be used to understand urban food-water-energy systems and quantify the impacts of proposed solutions. Such a coupled human-biophysical-engineering urban-FWEs framework and policy analysis tool has never been developed before. The participatory process will also provide new insights for the formulation and design of further research efforts on FWE and urban development dynamics.

Broader Impacts

The FUSE consortium will produce both methods and results that are transferrable to other cities.

Methods: Multi-agent Systems Modeling approach is innovative and relevant to many if not most urban- FWEs systems around the world. FUSE will provide a valuable tool for stakeholders to evaluate the effectiveness of policy options that they elect to explore, ranging from governance changes to tariff and regulatory alterations to new infrastructure, under a suite of potential futures describing changes in population, income, land use, and climate.

Results: Besides novel 2SLL and policy-evaluation modeling approach, the selected urban-FWEs study results likely will be transferrable to other cities worldwide. Key anthropogenic characteristics for transferability are: large underdeveloped but growing cities, having intermittent water supplies where there is competition for water and energy with the agricultural sector. Outreach will be achieved through several means, such as the FUSE website, publications, presentations, policy briefs, articles and videos as well as making the making the used MAS model available.

Project partners

Stanford University, Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research (UFZ), Austrian Foundation for Development Research (ÖFSE), International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA)




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Nexus Principles // The Water, Energy and Food securiy Nexus Principles

The Water-Energy-Food security Nexus Principles guide towards the application, implementation and operationalisation of the Water-Energy-Food security Nexus (WEF Nexus) approach in different contexts. The Principles were developed by practicioners based on their experience and grounded in research.

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