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Research Papers, Publications and Books

PPP // Building Partnerships for Resilience

By David Norman and Stuart Orr. This article is based on the experience of two organizations, WWF and SABMiller, that have worked closely together to help define the role of business with regard to water, energy and food issues. It comes more from a pragmatic sense of what we have learned along the way. The ultimate risk for companies arises not so much from the incremental impacts they may have on resources, but from the growing challenges of the global management and reconciliation of societal and business needs related to the production of water, food and energy.


David Norman was Senior Manager for Sustainable Development Policy at SABMiller from 2013 to 2015, responsible for the company’s engagement in policy processes across sustainable development issues. Before this role, he was WWF-UK’s Director of Campaigns and Director of External Affairs, working on a wide range of environmental and development issues with UK and European policy-makers and businesses. He was previously Director of Policy and Communications for the UK’s Liberal Democrat Party, co-chair of the Commonwealth Education Fund’s Management Committee, and Global Education Adviser for Save the Children UK. David now runs Global Insight Consulting, helping companies, governments and NGOs to build stronger partnerships and strategies for sustainable development.

Stuart Orr has a background in the private sector and academic research and joined WWF in 2006. His work explores the role of the private sector with regard to development and specifically water-related issues. Orr has published mainly on water measurement, agricultural policy and water-related risk, with some specific work on food, water and energy in relation to biofuels and dam development. He also sits on a number of sustainability boards and initiatives.




The Water, Food, Energy and Climate Nexus: Challenges and an agenda for action. Edited by Felix Dodds and Jamie Bartram. London, New York 2016, pp. 221-228

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Project // Improving Security and Climate Resilience in a fragile Context through the Water-Energy and Food Security Nexus (Frexus)

The Frexus project fosters cross-sectoral and integrated approaches in resource management, within local communities in Mali, Niger and Chad that are faced with the consequences of resource scarcity and climate change. The vicious cycle of resource scarcity, competition, conflict and instability currently challenging many communities, can be turned into a virtuous cycle of resilience, sustainable resources management, cooperation and security. Frexus (Nexus in Fragile contexts) aims at providing...

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Pocket Flyer // Water, Energy and Food for All A Nexus Approach

The 2017 BMZ Water Strategy, with its six intersectoral strategies, is a binding basis for German Development Cooperation and integrates cross-sectoral thinking for economically sustainable, integrated and climatefriendly development. The Water, Agriculture and Energy Nexus is one of six intersectoral strategies, highlighting the need to achieve water, energy and food security for well-being.

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Publication // What-If: An Open-Source Decision Support Tool for Water Infrastructure Investment Planning within the Water–Energy–Food–Climate Nexus

By Raphaël Payet-Burin, Mikkel Kromann, Silvio Pereira-Cardenal, Kenneth Marc Strzepek and Peter Bauer-Gottwein. This paper presents a new open-source hydro-economic optimization model, incorporating in a holistic framework, representations of the water, agriculture, and power systems. The model represents the joint development of Nexus related infrastructure and policies and evaluates their economic impact, as well as the risks linked to uncertainties in future climate and socio-economic...

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