Country Profiles

Nexus Country Profile // Nigeria

A key regional player in West Africa, with approximately 184 million inhabitants, Nigeria has experienced a moderate growth driven by the continued recovery of oil production and sustained growth in agriculture. Developmental challenges include reducing the dependency on oil and diversifying the economy, addressing insufficient infrastructure, and building strong and effective institutions as well as improving human development indicators and the living conditions of the population. A Nexus approach could support the design of holistic policies addressing these challenges.

Nigeria has a huge renewable energy potential that can be used to meet both urban and rural electrification and cooking needs. The government aims at increasing the on-grid power to 30,000 MW by 2030. Solar, biomass and hydro-power are the main renewable energy sources expected to make a significant contribution to this challenge. Furthermore, food production has not kept pace with population growth, resulting in rising food imports and declining levels of food self-sufficiency. Oil extraction in the Niger delta, the third largest wetland in the world, has had huge environmental and social impacts due to the continuous oil spills. Therefore, a more environmentally friendly extraction technology needs to be implemented together with clean energy sources to reduce the pressure on the environment and on the communities living in the delta.

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Published

October 2018

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About the Nexus Country Profiles

The Nexus Country Profiles give an overview of the Nexus-related challenges faced by a country, show the specifics of the water, energy and food/agricultural sectors and summarise the water-energy, water-food and energy-food interrelations. Nexus-relevant aspects of the country’s governance are highlighted and allow for a better understanding of possible entry points for integrated management and policy planning. The profiles culminate in a tri-sectoral Nexus evaluation and food-energy-water security index.

The country profiles are developed in the frame of the  Nexus Dialogue Programme, jointly funded by the European Union and the Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ), Germany, and implemented by the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) in cooperation with regional partners. Research for and elaboration of the country profiles is supported by the Institute for Technology and Resource Management in the Tropics and Subtropics (ITT) at the TH Köln – University of Applied Sciences, Germany.

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