Solar based water pumping systems and their technical characteristics are presented in detail. Their advantageous characteristics under certain conditions are compared to the current common practice of fossil fuel-based water pumps, that is clearly not sustainable.
Equally important the report discusses the potential of solar pumping systems to provide electricity to communities, through the development of rural mini-grids. The suitability of such an approach is then analysed based on technical characteristics, the availability of solar irradiation, the economics-incentives as well as the climate policies. The aim is to add to the existing knowledge related to a technology that can utilize local African renewable energy sources and extract water resources that will eventually support agricultural activities, food production and economic development.