Infographic Virtual Water // "Hidden water - How much water is in chocolate?"

You cannot see how much water is required to produce what we eat every day. More than 15,000 l of water are needed to produce 1 kg of beef, 2,000 l for 1 kg of chocolate.

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Capacity Building

Publication // A 40-year review of food–energy–water nexus literature and its application to the urban scale

By Newell, J. P., Goldstein, B., & Foster, A. (2019). What research exists to date on the FEW nexus? How have scholars conceptualized these interactions at the urban scale? What are some promising approaches? Where are the research gaps? To answer these questions, this paper conducts a quantitative review of the academic literature on the FEW nexus (1399 publications) over more than four decades (1973–2017), followed by in-depth analysis of the most influential papers using an evaluation matrix...

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Policy Brief // Introducing Societal Metabolism Analysis via ‘MuSIASEM'

By Kerry A. Waylen, Kirsty L. Blackstock, Keith B. Matthews, Mario Giampietro. This paper introduces the Societal Metabolism Analysis, which is at the heart of the MAGIC project. It offers a way to characterise patterns of consumption and production associated with the metabolic patterns of different systems, thus enabling analysts to look across sectors and scales. It was developed by "MAGIC Nexus", a project by the European Union's Horizon2020 research and innovation program.

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Climate Change

Publication // The environmental footprint of transport by car using renewable energy

Holmatov, B. & Hoekstra, A.Y. (2020). This paper compares and contrast carbon, land and water footprints per driven km in midsize cars utilizing conventional gasoline, biofuels, bioelectricity, solar electricity and solar‐based hydrogen.

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