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Research Papers, Publications and Books

Climate // Water – Food – Energy – Climate: Strengthening the Weak Links in the Nexus

By Ania Grobicki. The water and climate crisis we are facing requires a deeper analysis, which includes the “natural” Nexus. We need to be clear about the limits to human management of global systems, and find the weakest links. This may require a reframing of the issues away from the current economic focus on resource scarcity, towards adaptive societies and systems that help build sustainability through risk reduction and resilience. This article seeks to explore these issues.


Ania Grobicki is Deputy Secretary General of the Ramsar Convention on Wetlands, where she advises on global policy, developmental, technical and scientific issues, and oversees the regional implementation of the Convention. Previously she was the Executive Secretary of the Global Water Partnership (2009 to 2015) where she managed the worldwide multi-stakeholder network and its global secretariat.




The Water, Food, Energy and Climate Nexus: Challenges and an agenda for action. Edited by Felix Dodds and Jamie Bartram. London, New York 2016, pp. 127-137

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Peace and conflict

Project // Improving Security and Climate Resilience in a fragile Context through the Water-Energy and Food Security Nexus (Frexus)

The Frexus project fosters cross-sectoral and integrated approaches in resource management, within local communities in Mali, Niger and Chad that are faced with the consequences of resource scarcity and climate change. The vicious cycle of resource scarcity, competition, conflict and instability currently challenging many communities, can be turned into a virtuous cycle of resilience, sustainable resources management, cooperation and security. Frexus (Nexus in Fragile contexts) aims at providing...

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Pocket Flyer // Water, Energy and Food for All A Nexus Approach

The 2017 BMZ Water Strategy, with its six intersectoral strategies, is a binding basis for German Development Cooperation and integrates cross-sectoral thinking for economically sustainable, integrated and climatefriendly development. The Water, Agriculture and Energy Nexus is one of six intersectoral strategies, highlighting the need to achieve water, energy and food security for well-being.

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Publication // What-If: An Open-Source Decision Support Tool for Water Infrastructure Investment Planning within the Water–Energy–Food–Climate Nexus

By Raphaël Payet-Burin, Mikkel Kromann, Silvio Pereira-Cardenal, Kenneth Marc Strzepek and Peter Bauer-Gottwein. This paper presents a new open-source hydro-economic optimization model, incorporating in a holistic framework, representations of the water, agriculture, and power systems. The model represents the joint development of Nexus related infrastructure and policies and evaluates their economic impact, as well as the risks linked to uncertainties in future climate and socio-economic...

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