Capacity Building

CapNex // Capacity Building on the Water-Energy-Food Security Nexus through Research and Training in Kenya and Uganda

In this project, an interdisciplinary (agronomy; crop production; pest management; development studies; hydrology; socio-hydrology; soil science; water-, waste-, & resource management) team of Austrian, Kenyan, and Ugandan researchers will cooperate in this capacity-building-through-research-training-and-dialogue-project under the APPEAR funding scheme.

Population and economic growth in the Kenya-Ugandan border region has led to an increasing demand for food, water and energy resources. However, the government’s plan to meet this demand by means of domestic production rather than through imports is impaired by several interlinked and often cross boundary challenges. Decreasing soil fertility is aggravated by erosion of top-soils rich in nutrients and biodiversity, reducing surface water quality and the ability to produce hydro-energy due to sediment-based silting of reservoirs. While some erosion protection and soil fertility measures (i.e. mulching, waste recycling) compete with the use of crop residues and wastes as a domestic energy source, soil erosion is further exacerbated by deforestation for fire wood production.

The impacts and effectiveness of mitigation measures designed to address these agricultural and hydrological aspects of the so-called Water – Energy – Food security (WEF) nexus requires, amongst others, a solid knowledge and data base established by research in all world regions concerned, addressing a wide range of stakeholders, in order to built-up capacities to deal with WEF nexus challenges. However, a review carried out prior to this proposal revealed that the bulk of research studies are discussion rather than research papers, while the majority of studies focus on China, Europe, the US, and the Middle East rather than Sub-Saharan Africa. Furthermore, most studies are on national, supranational and global level, not targeting the local level stakeholders.

In this project, an interdisciplinary (agronomy; crop production; pest management; development studies; hydrology; socio-hydrology; soil science; water-, waste-, & resource management) team of Austrian, Kenyan, and Ugandan researchers will cooperate in this capacity-building-through-research-training-and-dialogue-project under the APPEAR funding scheme. The activities carried out are threefold:

  1. Establishing the foundations for capacity building on the WEF nexus in Kenya and Uganda: Reviewing international and regional scientific literature and carrying out case study research projects in the Kenyan-Ugandan border region on the water household, erosion, soil and water conservation measures, and biomass utilization, thereby establishing a data- and knowledge base for WEF nexus investigation and capacity building.
  2. Capacity building on the WEF nexus at University level: By involving students in the case study research projects and developing course materials on the WEF nexus integrated in existing lectures and to be used to design new lectures, capacity building will be achieved at University level.
  3. Capacity building on the WEF nexus at non-University level: Within the case studies, non-university stakeholders like farmers and farmer groups are involved, thus trained. By giving workshops, a larger audience of stakeholders is targeted (District authorities, NGOs, private sector, etc.). Through giving speeches at national and international events, an even larger number of stakeholders are targeted.

Project Coordinator

Dr. Jakob Lederer

Coordinating Institution

TU Wien/Vienna University of Technology

Partner Institutions

  • Makerere University (Dr. Jeninah KarungiTumutegyereize)
  • Technical University of Kenya (Luke Olang, PhD)
  • University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Vienna (Mathew Herrnegger)

Project Duration

15 December 2016– 14 December 2019

Funding

The project is funded by APPEAR, a programme of the Austrian Development Cooperation.

Documents

More Information

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Modelling and Assessment

Publication // Dynamics of water–energy–food nexus methodology, methods, and tools

By Endo, A., Yamada, M., Miyashita, Y., Sugimoto, R., Ishii, A., Nishijima, J., . . . Qi, J. (2020). This review identifies the existing state-of-the-art methodology, methods, and tools that are developed and used within the WEF Nexus by reviewing articles published during the past three years.

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Events

Conference // Week on Water for Development in August 2020

Every drop counts – but what is happening in the water sector in times of COVID-19? The Week on Water for Development (WW4D) is a virtual five-day conference from 24 to 28 August 2020, organised by the German development cooperation (GIZ), that connects relevant stakeholders around key topics on water from COVID-19 to climate change. WW4D is also part of SIWI’s Stockholm World Water Week at home 2020.

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Governance

Nexus Principles // The Water, Energy and Food security Nexus Principles

The Water-Energy-Food security Nexus Principles guide towards the application, implementation and operationalisation of the Water-Energy-Food security Nexus (WEF Nexus) approach in different contexts. The Principles were developed by practitioners based on their experience and grounded in research.

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