Research Papers, Publications and Books

Book // Water-Energy-Food Nexus - Principles and Practices

Ed. by P. Abdul Salam, Sangam Shrestha, Vishnu Prasad Pandey, Anil K. Anal. This overview collection is meant to be a resource for students, research scholars and professionals in academic institutions with strong interests in interdisciplinary research involving geography, earth science, environmental science, environmental management, sustainability science, international development, and ecological economics. The volume will also be useful for professionals, practitioners and consultants in /NGOs, government, and international agencies.


Water, energy and food are key resources to sustain life, and are the fundamental to national, regional and global economies. These three resources are interlinked in multiple ways, and the term “nexus” captures the interconnections. The nexus has been discussed, debated, researched, and advocated widely but the focus is often on the pairings of “water-energy” or “water-food” or “energy-food”. To really benefit from the nexus approach in terms of resource use efficiency it is essential to understand, operationalize and practice the nexus of all three resources. As demand for these resources increases worldwide, using them sustainability is a critical concern for scientists and citizens, governments and policy makers.  

Table of Content

Section I: Understanding the Nexus

1 The Need for the Nexus Approach
P. Abdul Salam, Vishnu Prasad Pandey, Sangam Shrestha, and Anil Kumar Anal

2 Evolution of the Nexus as a Policy and Development Discourse
Vishnu Prasad Pandey and Sangam Shrestha

3 The Nexus Contribution to Better Water Management and Its Limitations
Mike Muller

4 Dynamic, Cross-Sectoral Analysis of the Water-Energy-Food Nexus: Investigating an Emerging Paradigm 31
Alex Smajgl and John Ward

5 Urban Nexus: An Integrated Approach for the Implementation of the Sustainable Development Goals 43
Donovan Storey, Lorenzo Santucci, and Banashri Sinha

Section II: Operationalizing the Nexus

6 Modeling the Water-Energy-Food Nexus: A 7-Question Guideline
Bassel Daher, Rabi H. Mohtar, Sang ]Hyun Lee, and Amjad Assi

7 Water-Energy-Food Nexus: Selected Tools and Models in Practice
Victor R. Shinde

8 Governing for the Nexus: Empirical, Theoretical, and Normative Dimensions
David Benson, Animesh K. Gain, Josselin Rouillard, and Carlo Giupponi

9 The Role of International Cooperation in Operationalizing the Nexus in Developing Countries: Emerging Lessons of the Nexus Observatory
Kristin Meyer and Mathew Kurian

10 Water-Energy-Food Security Nexus in the Eastern Nile Basin: Assessing the Potential of Transboundary Regional Cooperation
Mohammad Al-Saidi, Nadir Ahmed Elagib, Lars Ribbe, Tatjana Schellenberg, Emma Roach, and DenizOezhan

11 Energy-Centric Operationalizing of the Nexus in Rural Areas: Cases from South Asia
Parimita Mohanty and Satwik Patnaik

Section III: Nexus in Practice

12 The Water-Energy-Food Nexus from a South African Perspective
Olusola O. Ololade, Surina Esterhuyse, and Audrey D. Levine

13 Water-Energy-Food Nexus: Examples from the USA
Soni M. Pradhanang

14 WEF Nexus Cases from California with Climate Change Implication
Qinqin Liu

15 Water, Energy, and Food Security Nexus in the West Asian Region
Mohamed Abdel Hamyd Dawoud

16 Assessment of Water, Energy, and Carbon Footprints of Crop Production: A Case Study from Southeast Nepal
Sangam Shrestha and Saroj Adhikari

17 The Food-Water-Energy Nexus in Modern Rice Cultivation in Bangladesh and Competing Discourses of Rice Research Institutions
Sophia Barkat and Zachary A. Smith

18 Riverbank Filtration Technology at the Nexus of Water-Energy-Food
Thomas B. Boving and Kavita Patil

Section IV: Future of the Nexus Agenda

19 Water-Energy-Food (WEF) Nexus and Sustainable Development
Ashim Das Gupta



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Presentation // Nexus Message on Water-Energy-Food-Climate Through an Urban Lens

By Felix Dodds. Held at the HLPF Side event on "Addressing Resilience through the Nexus of Water-Food-Energy – Cities as SDG Laboratories", 17 July 2018, at United Nations Headquarters, part of the High-level Political Forum on Sustainable Development (HLPF) 2018

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Solar-powered Irrigation Systems (SPIS)

Return on Investment Case Study // Accelerating Solar Water Pump Sales in Kenya

This Return on Investment case study by Winrock International shows an increase in gross profits of up to 186% within one to two crop seasons after purchase of a solar water pump (SWP) for smallholder farmers in Kenya. Between August 2015 and December 2016 Winrock demonstrated SWPs to more than 16,000 of such smallholder farmers and found that despite strong demand, the lack of smallholder credit options for solar irrigation is a key obstacle preventing SWP sales from increasing rapidly;...

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Urban Nexus

Making Sense of the Urban Nexus // An Integrated Approach to Intersecting Challenges

By Giulia Salvaterra and Michael Woodbridge. Cities are sites of complex and intersecting challenges which threaten the success of the global sustainable development agenda. All over the world, cities face persistent challenges related to increasing climate- and weather-related impacts, insufficient infrastructure, sustained poverty and inequality, resource scarcity, and sustainable service provision. Finding solutions to these challenges will be made even more difficult by growth and migratory...

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