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Research Papers, Publications and Books

Agriculture // Smallholder Farmers are at the Nexus of Post-2015 Development Issues

By Iain MacGillivray. Sustainable smallholder agriculture provides a powerful vehicle to deliver multiple benefits across all of the dimensions of sustainable development for people no matter where they live. While needing to deliver global food security and improved nutritional outcomes, sustainable smallholder farming also offers expanded employment opportunities while managing the natural resource base sustainably and remaining resilient to the effects of climate change. It is not peripheral, but rather at the very nexus of sustainable, inclusive development.



Iain MacGillivray is a Special Advisor to the President of the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) focusing on the Post-2015 Sustainable Development framework and on embedding nutrition throughout IFAD. His career spans farm management in Argentina, farming in the Sudan, integrated rural development in the Americas and marketing and consultative work for the private and public sectors. He is a strong supporter of food-based approaches to micronutrient malnutrition, and of bridging the divide between agriculture, nutrition and health. He was awarded CIDA’s Presidential Award for Excellence for his work in developing Canada’s Food Security Strategy.




The Water, Food, Energy and Climate Nexus: Challenges and an agenda for action. Edited by Felix Dodds and Jamie Bartram. London, New York 2016, pp. 197-203

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Peace and conflict

Project // Improving Security and Climate Resilience in a fragile Context through the Water-Energy and Food Security Nexus (Frexus)

The Frexus project fosters cross-sectoral and integrated approaches in resource management, within local communities in Mali, Niger and Chad that are faced with the consequences of resource scarcity and climate change. The vicious cycle of resource scarcity, competition, conflict and instability currently challenging many communities, can be turned into a virtuous cycle of resilience, sustainable resources management, cooperation and security. Frexus (Nexus in Fragile contexts) aims at providing...

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Pocket Flyer // Water, Energy and Food for All A Nexus Approach

The 2017 BMZ Water Strategy, with its six intersectoral strategies, is a binding basis for German Development Cooperation and integrates cross-sectoral thinking for economically sustainable, integrated and climatefriendly development. The Water, Agriculture and Energy Nexus is one of six intersectoral strategies, highlighting the need to achieve water, energy and food security for well-being.

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Publication // What-If: An Open-Source Decision Support Tool for Water Infrastructure Investment Planning within the Water–Energy–Food–Climate Nexus

By Raphaël Payet-Burin, Mikkel Kromann, Silvio Pereira-Cardenal, Kenneth Marc Strzepek and Peter Bauer-Gottwein. This paper presents a new open-source hydro-economic optimization model, incorporating in a holistic framework, representations of the water, agriculture, and power systems. The model represents the joint development of Nexus related infrastructure and policies and evaluates their economic impact, as well as the risks linked to uncertainties in future climate and socio-economic...

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