Figure 1: Three-dimensional network structure of the WEF-Eco system.
In the process of human survival and sustainable development, water security, energy security and food security have become the three most prominent issues, but they are interrelated and directly affect each other, that is, to form a Water–Energy–Food (WEF) nexus. Scientific understanding and correct response to the relationship between WEF is important to realize the sustainable development of natural resources. There are some deficiencies in the existing research on the input–output efficiency of WEF system. There are few articles that can study the efficiency relationship between internal and external factors (such as the economy and environment) of the WEF system at the same time, or the research is not perfect. In view of the shortcomings of the existing research, this paper establishes a three-dimensional network structure to describe the water–energy–food–economy (WEF-Eco) system and establishes the corresponding network Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) model. We use the data of 19 provinces in Northeast, East, and central China to show the application results of this model.
Zhang, Z.; Xu, Y. Evaluation of Water—Energy—Food—Economy Coupling Efficiency Based on Three-Dimensional Network Data Envelopment Analysis Model. Water 2022, 14, 3133. https://doi.org/10.3390/w14193...
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