The COVID-19 pandemic exposed the vulnerability of agrifood systems to shocks and stresses and led to increased global food insecurity and malnutrition. Action is needed to make agrifood systems more resilient, efficient, sustainable and inclusive.
The State of Food and Agriculture 2021 presents country-level indicators of the resilience of agrifood systems. The indicators measure the robustness of primary production and food availability, as well as physical and economic access to food. They can thus help assess the capacity of national agrifood systems to absorb shocks and stresses, a key aspect of resilience.
The report analyses the vulnerabilities of food supply chains and how rural households cope with risks and shocks. It discusses options to minimize trade-offs that building resilience may have with efficiency and inclusivity. The aim is to offer guidance on policies to enhance food supply chain resilience, support livelihoods in the agrifood system and, in the face of disruption, ensure sustainable access to sufficient, safe and nutritious food to all.
Download the full report here.
FAO. 2021. The State of Food and Agriculture 2021. Making agrifood systems more resilient to shocks and stresses. Rome, FAO.
Find the report in other languages published here.
See the interactive story.
- Publication // The water-energy-food nexus and COVID-19: Towards a systematization of impacts and responses
- Nexus Blog // Linking Energy, Food Security, and Health Can Help Face COVID-19
- Publication // Nexus planning as a pathway towards sustainable environmental and human health post Covid-19
- Publication // COVID-19 and the water–energy–food nexus in Africa: Evidence from Nigeria, Uganda, and Tanzania
- Discussion Paper // SMART IRRIGATION SMART WASH: Solutions in Response to the Pandemic Crisis in Africa