event 17 Dec 2021

Report // The State of Food and Agriculture 2021: Making agrifood systems more resilient to shocks and stresses

Published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). To ensure food security our agrifood systems have to be made more resilient. This report offers solutions on how to deal with sudden shocks and guidance to governments on how they can improve resilience. Without proper preparation, unpredictable shocks will continue to undermine agrifood systems, the report warns.

category Report tag Climate change tag Mitigation tag Adaptation tag Health tag COVID-19 tag Food and Agriculture tag Governance (of the Nexus) tag Policy tag Capacity Building
FAO covid 19 report


The COVID-19 pandemic exposed the vulnerability of agrifood systems to shocks and stresses and led to increased global food insecurity and malnutrition. Action is needed to make agrifood systems more resilient, efficient, sustainable and inclusive.

The State of Food and Agriculture 2021 presents country-level indicators of the resilience of agrifood systems. The indicators measure the robustness of primary production and food availability, as well as physical and economic access to food. They can thus help assess the capacity of national agrifood systems to absorb shocks and stresses, a key aspect of resilience.

The report analyses the vulnerabilities of food supply chains and how rural households cope with risks and shocks. It discusses options to minimize trade-offs that building resilience may have with efficiency and inclusivity. The aim is to offer guidance on policies to enhance food supply chain resilience, support livelihoods in the agrifood system and, in the face of disruption, ensure sustainable access to sufficient, safe and nutritious food to all.


November 2021


Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO).


Download the full report here.


FAO. 2021. The State of Food and Agriculture 2021. Making agrifood systems more resilient to shocks and stresses. Rome, FAO.


Further Information

Find the report in other languages published here.

See the interactive story.

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