Nexus Country Profile // Costa Rica
Costa Rica is located in Central America and shares borders with Nicaragua and Panama. It is located in the tropics, only 10 degrees north of the equator, has a mountain range extending through the country, and its climate is tropical and subtropical. Specific challenges of the country comprise its exposedness to weather extremes, especially droughts, and its dependence on food imports. The country profile includes a case study summary of the Reventazón river basin.
Highlighted Nexus-related challenges faced by Costa Rica
- Long-term climate projections indicate that hydrometeorological extremes, in particular droughts, are expected to increase in frequency in Costa Rica, creating a challenge for various natural resources
- Costa Rica has a large installed hydropower capacity and reliance, and planning hydropower operations while catering to other water needs poses a distinct challenge
- Food production is subject to hydrological drought, and Costa Rica has a large reliance on imported grains
- Socioeconomic development, especially in the over-exploited Reventazón River Basin, increases pressure on resources demand
- No laws specifically address the Nexus interconnections, making governance of Nexus issues through existing laws a challenging process
About the Nexus Country Profiles
The Nexus Country Profiles give an overview of the Nexus-related challenges faced by a country, show the specifics of the water, energy and food/agricultural sectors and summarise the water-energy, water-food and energy-food interrelations. Nexus-relevant aspects of the country’s governance are highlighted and allow for a better understanding of possible entry points for integrated management and policy planning. The profiles culminate in a tri-sectoral Nexus evaluation and food-energy-water security index.
The country profiles are developed in the frame of the Nexus Dialogue Programme, jointly funded by the European Union and the Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ), Germany, and implemented by the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) in cooperation with regional partners. Research for and elaboration of the country profiles is supported by the Institute for Technology and Resource Management in the Tropics and Subtropics (ITT) at the TH Köln – University of Applied Sciences, Germany.