MENA // Food-Water Security and Virtual Water Trade in the Middle East and North Africa
By Marta Antonelli and Stefania Tamea. The purpose of this study is to analyze the political economy of food-water security in the water-scarce Middle East and North Africa region. The study deploys the lens of virtual water trade to determine how the region's economies have met their rising food-water requirements over the past three decades. It is shown that the region's water and food security currently depend to a considerable extent on water from outside the region, ‘embedded’ in food imports and accessed through trade. The analysis includes blue (surface and groundwater) and green water resources.
International Journal of Water Resources Development, Volume 31, 2015 - Issue 3: Special Issue: The Water-Food-Energy-Climate nexus in Global Drylands