Demand for fresh water, energy and food will increase significantly over the next few decades. Agriculture accounts for 70% percent of total global fresh water use, while food production and supply chain consume about 30% of total energy consumed globally, as energy is used to produce, transport and distribute food as well as to collect, transport and treat water.
- Includes contributions on water desalination, water management, and wastewater treatment.
- Covers advances in food production, food security, and mathematical modeling for cooked food undergoing phase changes.
- Discusses energy-efficient crude oil transport and process-industry economics of crude oil and petroleum derivatives.
- Presents details on biodiesel production from renewable sources and synthesis of biodiesel from used cooking oil.
- Covers Gas-to-Liquid (GTL) derived synthetic fuels, alternative aviation fuel, a modeling approach for GTL Fischer Tropsch reactor and carbon footprint, distributed renewable energy systems, and smart grids.
- Describes a variety of topics within carbon capture, including rotating packed bed for carbon capture, integration of natural gas combined cycle power generation and chemical absorption based carbon capture, and postcombustion carbon capture, among others.
- Includes 2 case studies: a strategy for evaluating sustainability of process, supply chain and enterprise and green engineering in chloromethanes manufacturing.
SummaryExponential growth of the worldwide population requires increasing amounts of water, food, and energy. However, as the quantity of available fresh water and energy sources directly affecting cost of food production and transportation diminishes, technological solutions are necessary to secure sustainable supplies. In direct response to this reality, this book focuses on the water-energy-food nexus and describes in depth the challenges and processes involved in efficient water and energy production and management, wastewater treatment, and impact upon food and essential commodities. The book is organized into 4 sections on water, food, energy, and the future of sustainability, highlighting the interplay among these topics. The first section emphasizes water desalination, water management, and wastewater treatment. The second section discusses cereal processing, sustainable food security, bioenergy in food production, water and energy consumption in food processing, and mathematical modeling for food undergoing phase changes. The third section discusses fossil fuels, biofuels, synthetic fuels, renewable energy, and carbon capture. Finally, the book concludes with a discussion of the future of sustainability, including coverage of the role of molecular thermodynamics in developing processes and products, green engineering in process systems, petrochemical water splitting, petrochemical approaches to solar hydrogen generation, design and operation strategy of energy-efficient processes, and the sustainability of process, supply chain, and enterprise.
Section I: Water
- Water Management.
- Wastewater Treatment.
Section II: Food
- Advances in Cereal Processing: An Approach for Energy and Water Conservation.
- Clean Energy Technologies for Sustainable Food Security.
- Bioenergy and Food Production: Appropriate Allocation for Future Development.
- Uses of Water and Energy in Food Processing. A General Model for Food Cooking Undergoing Phase Changes.
Section III: Energy
- Fossil Fuel.
- Synthetic Fuel and Renewable Energy.
- Carbon Capture.
Section IV: Sustainable Future.
- The Role of Molecular Thermodynamics in Developing Industrial Processes and Novel Products That Meet the Needs for a Sustainable Future.
- Green Engineering in Process Systems: Case Study of Chloromethanes Manufacturing.
- Fundamental Aspect of Photoelectrochemical Water Splitting.
- Photoelectrochemical Approaches to Solar-H2 Generation.
- Design and Operating Strategy Innovations for Energy Efficient Process Operation.
- Evaluating Sustainability of Process, Supply Chain and Enterprise: A Biobased Industry Case Study.