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Bundesministerium für wirtschaftliche Zusammenarbeit und Entwicklung
This project is co-funded by the European Union

(C) Stefan Krasowski / flickr

Resource  |  , Research Papers, Publications and Books  |  , Central Asia  |  11 Dec 2017

Transboundary Rivers // Transferable Principles for Managing the Nexus: Lessons from Historical Global Water Modelling of Central Asia

The complex relationships within the water-energy-food security nexus tend to be place-specific, increasing the importance of identifying transferable principles to facilitate implementation of a nexus approach. This paper aims to contribute transferable principles by using global model data and concepts to illustrate and analyze the water history of Central Asia.

This approach builds on extensive literature about Central Asia and global change as well as recent advances in global water modeling.

Decadal water availability and sectorial water consumption time series are presented for the whole 20th century, along with monthly changes in discharge attributable to human influences. Concepts from resilience and socio-ecological system theory are used to interpret the results and identify five principles relevant to managing the transboundary nexus:

  • (1) the subsystems included/excluded from the nexus are case-specific and should be consciously scrutinized;
  • (2) consensus is needed on what boundaries can acceptably be crossed within the nexus;
  • (3) there is a need to understand how reducing trade-offs will modify system dependencies;
  • (4) global stakeholders have both a responsibility and right to contribute to the shaping of the nexus;
  • (5) combining data with global and local perspectives can help to enhance transferability and understanding of shared problems in our globalized world.


MDPI website (PDF)


October 2016


Water 2015, 7, 4200-4231.
This article belongs to the Special Issue Water-Energy-Food Nexus in Large Asian River Basins

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Resource  |  , Research Papers, Publications and Books  |  , Central Asia  |  11 Dec 2017

Transboundary Rivers // Sharing Benefits in Transboundary Rivers: An Experimental Case Study of Central Asian Water-Energy-Agriculture Nexus

By Shokhrukh-Mirzo Jalilov, Olli Varis and Marko Keskinen. Cooperation in transboundary river basins is challenged by the riparian countries’ differing needs for water use. This is the case especially in Amu Darya Basin in...› more

Resource  |  , Policy Papers  |  , Research Papers, Publications and Books  |  , Russian  |  , Central Asia  |  11 Dec 2017

Report and Policy Brief // Rethinking Water in Central Asia: The Costs of Inaction and Benefits of Water Cooperation

By Benjamin Pohl, Annika Kramer, William Hull, Sabine Blumstein, Iskandar Abdullaev, Jusipbek Kazbekov, Tais Reznikova, Ekaterina Strikeleva, Eduard Interwies and Stefan Görlitz. Despite a general commitment to cooperation,...› more

Resource  |  , Projects  |  , LAC  |  , South America  |  11 Dec 2017

Project // Strengthening Climate Resilient Development in the Cumbaza Watershed: Towards Water, Energy and Food Security in Urban-rural Landscapes

Strengthening climate-resilient development in urban-rural landscapes using a Water-Energy-Food Nexus approach focuses on the Amazonian city of Tarapoto and the surrounding Cumbaza River sub-basin in the department of San Martin,...› more