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Bundesministerium für wirtschaftliche Zusammenarbeit und Entwicklung
This project is co-funded by the European Union

Research Papers, Publications and Books  |  , Resource  |  , Asia  |   8 Nov 2017

Water-Energy Nexus // Coal-Based Power Generation and Conversion - Saving Water

This report was commissioned by the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) to compile and analyse information on technology developments, best practices and current policy measures related to water use for coal-power generation and clean coal technologies in APEC economies. Information was collected from publicly available policy documents, research papers, technical reports, trade publications and supplemented by DNV GL’s internal knowledgebase. The information from documents in the public domain was supplemented by contacting major utilities such as Enel and Eskom to get additional information on their publications.

More than half of the APEC economies generate a significant (>33%) portion of their electricity from coal. However, the focus on clean development necessitates reduction in water consumption for power generation, especially where water resources are stressed. The volume of water required for power generation depends on several factors, such as the generation technology, type of cooling deployed, and site operating conditions. The water used for these plants in turn consumes considerable amounts of energy as this water needs to undergo various physical and chemical treatment processes. The report reviews technologies to reduce water consumption for coal power generation.


APEC website


February 2017


APEC Asian-Pacific Economic Cooperation
SOM Steering Committee on Economic and Technical Cooperation(SCE), Energy Working Group(EWG)

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Resource  |  , Research Papers, Publications and Books  |  , Central Asia  |  11 Dec 2017

Transboundary Rivers // Transferable Principles for Managing the Nexus: Lessons from Historical Global Water Modelling of Central Asia

The complex relationships within the water-energy-food security nexus tend to be place-specific, increasing the importance of identifying transferable principles to facilitate implementation of a nexus approach. This paper aims...› more

Resource  |  , Research Papers, Publications and Books  |  , Central Asia  |  11 Dec 2017

Transboundary Rivers // Sharing Benefits in Transboundary Rivers: An Experimental Case Study of Central Asian Water-Energy-Agriculture Nexus

By Shokhrukh-Mirzo Jalilov, Olli Varis and Marko Keskinen. Cooperation in transboundary river basins is challenged by the riparian countries’ differing needs for water use. This is the case especially in Amu Darya Basin in...› more

Resource  |  , Policy Papers  |  , Research Papers, Publications and Books  |  , Russian  |  , Central Asia  |  11 Dec 2017

Report and Policy Brief // Rethinking Water in Central Asia: The Costs of Inaction and Benefits of Water Cooperation

By Benjamin Pohl, Annika Kramer, William Hull, Sabine Blumstein, Iskandar Abdullaev, Jusipbek Kazbekov, Tais Reznikova, Ekaterina Strikeleva, Eduard Interwies and Stefan Görlitz. Despite a general commitment to cooperation,...› more