The Nexus Platform is enabled by

Bundesministerium für wirtschaftliche Zusammenarbeit und Entwicklung
This project is co-funded by the European Union

Research Papers, Publications and Books  |  , Resource  |  26 Sep 2017

Report // The Land-Water-Energy Nexus - Biophysical and Economic Consequences

This report contributes to the discussion of interconnections between scarce resources by highlighting the nexus between land, water and energy (the LWE nexus). It focuses on a dynamic, integrated, and disaggregated analysis of how land, water and energy interact in the biophysical and economic systems. The report provides projections for the biophysical and economic consequences of nexus bottlenecks until 2060, highlighting that while the LWE nexus is essentially local, there can be significant large-scale repercussions in vulnerable regions, notably on forest cover and in terms of food and water security.

The analysis is based on coupling a gridded biophysical systems model with a multi-regional, multi-sectoral dynamic general equilibrium modelling assessment. Numerical insights are provided by investigating a carefully selected set of scenarios that are designed to illustrate the key bottlenecks: one scenario for each resource bottleneck, plus two scenarios that combine all bottlenecks, with and without an overlay of climate change.


  • The nexus between land, water and energy
  • A framework for assessing the land-water-energy nexus
  • Trends that drive the land-water-energy nexus
  • Biophysical and economic consequences of the nexus bottlenecks
  • An integrated look at the nexus bottlenecks




September 2017


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Projects  |  , Resource  |  13 Oct 2017

Graduate Training // UM BRIDGES: Bridging divides across the food-energy-water nexus

UM BRIDGES is a graduate training program at the University of Montana focused on the food‐energy‐ water (FEW) nexus. UM BRIDGES trains graduate students to conduct cutting‐edge and cross‐sector research on complex FEW problems,...› more

Research Papers, Publications and Books  |  , MENA  |  , Resource  |   9 Oct 2017

Project Report // Mainstreaming the Water-Energy-Food Security Nexus into Sectoral Policies and Institutions in the Arab Region

By Holger Hoff and Anne Ulrich. Using a cross-sectoral (horizontally integrated) and multi-level (vertically integrated) approach this study has worked at the regional and national levels to identify entry points, processes and...› more

Research Papers, Publications and Books  |  , Resource  |  25 Sep 2017

Urban Nexus // The water-energy-food nexus: An integration agenda and implications for urban governance

By Francesa Artioli, Michele Acuto and Jenny McArthur. This paper aims to ‘urbanise' the nexus agenda and consider the implications of policy integration for urban governance. This examines the nexus in the context of current...› more