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Research Papers, Publications and Books  |  , Implementation and Case Studies  |  , Resource  |  12 Jul 2017

Research // Assessment of the Successes and Failures of Decentralized Energy Solutions and Implications for the Water–Energy–Food Security Nexus: Case Studies from Developing Countries

By Dawit Diriba Guta, Jose Jara, Narayan Prasad Adhikari, Qiu Chen, Varun Gaur and Alisher Mirzabaev. Access to reliable and affordable energy is vital for sustainable development. In the off-grid areas of developing countries, decentralized energy solutions have received increasing attention due to their contributions to reducing poverty. However, most of the rural population in many developing countries still has little or no access to modern energy technologies. This paper assesses the factors that determine the successes and failures of decentralized energy solutions based on local harmonized case studies from heterogeneous contexts from Asia, sub-Saharan Africa, and South America.

The case studies were analyzed through the coupled lenses of energy transition and the Water–Energy–Food Security (WEF) Nexus. The findings indicate that access to modern decentralized energy solutions has not resulted in complete energy transitions due to various tradeoffs with the other domains of the WEF Nexus. On the other hand, the case studies point at the potential for improvements in food security, incomes, health, the empowerment of women, and resource conservation when synergies between decentralized energy solutions and other components of the WEF Nexus are present.

Case Studies

  • Case Study 1: Household Biogas Digester Project in Chunfeng Village in China
  • Case Study 2: Improved Cook Stoves Experiences in Ecuador
  • Case Study 3: Community Based Jatropha in Bati Woreda, Ethiopia
  • Case Study 4: Biomass Gasifier-Based Mini Grid in Garkha Village, Bihar, India
  • Case Study 5: Micro-Hydro Plant in Siklesh Village, Nepal

Download

MDPI website (open access)

Published

June 2017

In

Special Issue of Resources: "Toward Integrated Water-Energy-Land-Food Management"

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Research Papers, Publications and Books  |  , Resource  |  11 Sep 2017

India // Water-food-energy nexus with changing agricultural scenarios in India during recent decades

By Beas Barik, Subimal Ghosh, A. Saheer Sahana, Amey Pathak and Muddu Sekhar. Meeting the growing water and food demands in a densely populated country like India is a major challenge. It requires an extensive investigation into...› more

Research Papers, Publications and Books  |  , Resource  |   6 Sep 2017

Green Chemistry and Chemical Engineering // The Water-Food-Energy Nexus

Ed. by I. M. Mujtaba, R. Srinivasan, N. O.Elbashir. This book discusses this water-energy-food nexus and describes in depth the challenges and processes involved in efficient water and energy production and management, wastewater...› more

Research Papers, Publications and Books  |  , Resource  |   5 Sep 2017

Collection // Water-Energy-Food Nexus - Principles and Practices

Edited by P. Abdul Salam, Sangam Shrestha, Vishnu Prasad Pandey, Anil K. Anal. Water, energy and food are key resources to sustain life, and are the fundamental to national, regional and global economies. These three resources...› more