event 17 May 2018

Book Chapter // The Importance of the Water-Energy Nexus for Emerging Countries When Moving Towards Below 2 °C

By Gary Goldstein, Pascal Delaquil, Fadiel Ahjum, Bruno Merven, Adrian Stone, James Cullis, Wenying Chen, Nan Li, Yongnan Zhu, Yizi Shang, Diego Rodriguez, Morgan Bazilian, Anna Delgado-Martin, Fernando Miralles-Wilhelm. The Thirsty Energy initiative of the World Bank assists countries to address water and energy planning challenges in an integrated manner. This book chapter analyses two Case Studies for South Africa and China and their different approaches to developing “water-smart” energy planning models. Arising insights serve as basis for policy suggestions.

category Research Papers, Publications and Books tag Climate tag Climate Change
Limiting global warming springer

The chapter is part of the book 'Limiting Global Warming to Well Below 2 °C: Energy System Modelling and Policy Development.' by Giannakidis G., Karlsson K., Labriet M., Gallachóir B. (eds), Lecture Notes in Energy, vol 64. Springer, Cham

Abstract

The Thirsty Energy initiative of the World Bank assists countries to address water and energy planning challenges in an integrated manner. The first two Case Studies for South Africa and China have been completed. The approach to developing “water-smart” energy planning models was different in the two Case Studies, with key findings and important insights arising from each. The most fundamental conclusion from both studies is that policies being pursued to mitigate climate change impacts reduce both CO2 emissions and water needs by the energy sector—with only modest increase in energy system cost, and that including the supply and cost of water has a dramatic effect on the upstream technology choices. For example, government mandated policies forcing dry cooling for new coal-fired power plants was reaffirmed as wise and appropriate, though at odds with achieving Nationally Determined Contributions (NDC) which quickly disincentivizes the use of coal while promoting renewables and nuclear, as a major step towards achieving below 2 °C emission reductions. Thirsty Energy also examined the influence of climate change on energy and water planning, where results for the two Case Studies proved to be very different, as water availability in China’s northern Energy Bases may actually increase slightly, while in South Africa the water system is stressed forcing more dramatic changes in the energy sector.

Authors and afiliations

  • Gary Goldstein - DecisionWare Group LLC Sag HarborUSA
  • Pascal Delaquil - DecisionWare Group LLC GreshamUSA
  • Fadiel Ahjum - University of Cape Town Rondebosch South Africa
  • Bruno Merven - University of Cape Town Rondebosch South Africa
  • Adrian Stone - Sustainable Energy Africa Cape Town South Africa
  • James Cullis - Aurecon Cape Town South Africa
  • Wenying Chen - Institute of Energy, Environment and Economy, Tsinghua University Beijing China
  • Nan Li - Institute of Energy, Environment and Economy, Tsinghua University Beijing China
  • Yongnan Zhu - State Key Laboratory of Simulation and Regulation of Water Cycle in River Basin Institute of Water Resources and Hydropower Research Beijing China
  • Yizi Shang - State Key Laboratory of Simulation and Regulation of Water Cycle in River Basin Institute of Water Resources and Hydropower Research Beijing China
  • Diego Rodriguez - World Bank Washington USA
  • Morgan Bazilian - World Bank Washington USA
  • Anna Delgado-Martin - World Bank Washington USA
  • Fernando Miralles-Wilhelm - University of Maryland Maryland USA

Download

SpringerLink website (e-purchase)

Published

2018

By

Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature

Contact

Stephanie Bilgram
Global Nexus Secretariat

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