The Niger River Basin covers an area of 2.13 million km2 and is home to over 130 million people in nine countries: Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Chad, Ivory Coast, Guinea, Mali, Niger, and Nigeria. Over 70% of the population live in areas where food security depends on unreliable rainfall and highly variable inter-and intra-annual river flows. Significant poverty levels and a high dependency on small-holder agricultural production persist in the region. Increasing demand for water, energy and soil resources, and competing uses in the context of climate variability, population growth and a complex web of governance levels (regional, basin, national and sub-national) constitute a major challenge for a balanced resource planning. Water infrastructure (multi-purpose) is considered by the riparian countries of the Niger River as particularly crucial for improving the quality of life in the region. Emphasis is placed on hydroelectric and irrigation schemes, aiming at supplying electricity to major urban centres and promoting economic development and food security.
Par Luca Ferrini. Le premier atelier régional de dialogue Nexus eau-énergie-sécurité alimentaire dans le bassin du Niger a eu lieu à Niamey le 18 et 19 Octobre 2017. L’Atelier a été l’occasion pour lancer le dialogue régional NEXUS avec les structures focales de l’ABN et de la société civile, et mener une consultation sur les défis intersectoriels eau-énergie-agriculture-environnement existants à présent dans les neuf pays du bassin.// more
By Luca Ferrini. Increasing demand for water, energy and soil resources, and competing uses in the context of climate variability, population growth and a complex web of governance levels constitute a major challenge for a balanced resource planning in the Niger river basin. This was discussed at the first regional Nexus water-energy-food security dialogue workshop in the Niger Basin that took place in Niamey on 18 and 19 October 2017.// more
National Development Plans of African Countries set ambitious targets in a variety of sectors including water, food and energy. In order to avoid trade-offs and create synergies between different development agendas, integrated planning and cross-sectorial coordination is crucial. The nexus approach will help to frame the interconnected challenges in water, food and energy with the ambition to align policies for sustainable development.// more
This programme will assist the Member Countries of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) in monitoring water productivity, identifying water productivity gaps, proposing solutions to reduce these gaps and contributing to a sustainable increase of agricultural production, while taking into account ecosystems and the equitable use of water resources, which eventually should lead to an overall reduction of water stress.// more
A WEF nexus advisor is wanted for the GIZ programme "Support to the Niger Basin Authority (NBA) and the Water Policy Sector Programme, initiated a partnership with the Niger Basin Authority to implement the Nexus Regional Dialogues. A set of activities will be implemented by GIZ and NBA including endorsed regional and national Nexus policy recommendations and institutional WEF Nexus studies, customized capacity development activities and micro-scale implementation within pioneer countries.// more
By Sabine Blumstein. According to a new report from adelphi, launching at the 2016 World Water Week in Stockholm, transboundary river basins need closer integration of existing instruments provided by the water and climate communities. Water and Climate Diplomacy outlines different water policy tools used in many river basins to support climate change adaptation, but also explains a number of deficiencies. We argue that climate policy instruments could be used to overcome existing shortcomings...// more
By Niger Basin Authority (NBA) and the Government of Mali. Three-quarters of the population of the Inner Niger Delta (IND) live below the national poverty line. The large water infrastructures upstream have led to a transfer of welfare from downstream to upstream while contributing to national food security and electricity production. The development and use of a policy for allocation of sufficient water (flood duration and depth) for the delta to sustain food production and ecosystems, would...// more