Nexus Resources for the Middle East and North Africa Region — MENA

Country Profiles

Nexus Country Profile // Tunisia

Tunisia is located from 30°N to 37°N in northern Africa; it shares borders with Algeria to the west and Libya to the east. The Mediterranean Sea lies to the north of the country. Four geographic regions exist in the country: the mountainous north-east, the southern mountains of lower altitude, the eastern coastal plains and the desert plains in the south-west which are home to several chotts (i.e. salt lakes that remain dry for much of the year). The climate is essentially Mediterranean with...

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Resource

Case Study Jordan // How Madaba’s Water and Wastewater Utility is finding innovative Solutions to operational Burdens while reducing Carbon Emissions

This case is part of a case study series, where the Water-Energy-Climate Nexus supports the transition towards a more sustainable and low-carbon urban management. In Madaba, the Miyahuna Water Company conducted a study to determine and address greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from its operations. Miyahuna operates both water and wastewater systems in the city. The GHG assessment was conducted using the Energy Performance and Carbon Emissions Assessment and Monitoring (ECAM) Tool. This highlighted...

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Country Profiles

Nexus Country Profile // Sudan

Sudan is located from 9°N to 22°N in north-eastern Africa; it shares borders with Egypt, Libya, Chad, Central African Republic, South Sudan, Ethiopia and Eritrea as well as the Red Sea. Although located in the tropics, the climate extends from a desert climate in the northern regions to a summer-rain climate in the southern regions. Approximately half of the country (mainly in the northern states) is covered by bare rocks and soil. In the southern regions, agricultural areas, trees, shrubs and...

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Research Papers, Publications and Books

Water Management in Fragile Systems // Building Resilience to Shocks and Protracted Crises in the MENA Region

Water scarcity is pervasive throughout the Middle East and North Africa and getting worse. Even before the recent political turmoil, several countries in the Middle East and North Africa were struggling to manage their water resources sustainably and to expand water supply and sanitation services efficiently. Now conflict has combined with weak institutional performance and contributed to an intensification of water challenges and a deterioration of water services.

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Implementation and Case Studies

Water-Food-Energy-Environment Synergies and Tradeoffs // Major Issues and Case Studies

By Peter G. McCornick, Seleshi B. Awulachew and Michael Abebe. Using both a brief global overview as well as a closer review of four case studies from India, Ethiopia, Jordon and the USA, this paper tries to (i) a present the nature of the tradeoffs under different hydrological, energy, agricultural and environmental contexts and (ii) provide some anecdotal evidence and illustrative cases for the available policy options for minimizing conflicts but maximizing synergies between water, energy,...

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Policy Papers

The Water-Energy-Food Nexus in the Middle East and North Africa // Scenarios for a Sustainable Future

By Edoardo Borgomeo, Anders Jagerskog, Amal Talbi, Wijnen, Marcus Talbi, Mohamad Hejazi, Fernando Miralles-Wilhelm. Water, energy, and agriculture have been conventionally dealt with separately in investment planning. For each of these sectors, regulatory frameworks, organizations, and infrastructures have been put in place to address sector-specific challenges and demands. As the Middle East and North Africa works towards building a more sustainable future, a nexus approach that considers the...

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Tools and Databases

UN ESCWA // Water-Energy Nexus Operational Toolkit: Resource Efficiency Module

ESCWA is implementing a UN Development Account (DA) Project on “Developing the Capacities of ESCWA Member Countries to Address the Water and Energy Nexus for Achieving Sustainable Developing Goals”. The DA project targets to strengthen the capacity of ESCWA member countries to achieve an integrated and sustainable management of water and energy resources to contribute to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

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Sanitation and Wastewater

UN ESCWA // Water-Energy Nexus Operational Toolkit: Renewable Energy Module

This module was prepared as part of the United Nations Development Account project on developing the capacity of ESCWA Member Countries to address the water and energy nexus for achieving Sustainable Development Goals. It highlights the utilisation of renewable energy (RE) to strengthen the water and energy nexus by providing the power needed by water-related activities such as water distribution and wastewater treatment.

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Research Papers, Publications and Books

Groundwater Governance in the Arab World // Water Resources, Use and Management in Jordan: A Focus on Groundwater

By Emad Al-Karablieh and Amer Salman. Given the water-security threat to Jordan posed by water shortages, water security has become a major domestic issue as population increases rapidly with refugees entering the country because of conflict in neighbouring countries, including a new influx from Syria that is estimated to have 2.72 million people where about 1 million are registered refugees from various countries by the end of December 2015.

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World Water Forum 2018 - Brazil

World Water Forum 2018 // Arab Regional Report: Pre-Forum Version

Coordinated by the League of Arab States (LAS), this pre-forum Arab regional report is part of the regional process outcomes. It was developed after broad consultations on regional high priority topics involving all segments of society. The report content is in essence based on contributions received from Ministries, Universities, UN agencies, regional NGOs, Private sector and CSOs and on key recommendations of the landmark events that took place since the start of the regional process.

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