Nexus Resources for the Middle East and North Africa Region — MENA

Solar-powered Irrigation Systems (SPIS)

Pompage Solaire // Investigation de l’impact des installations de pompage solaire sur la consommation d’eau et la situation socio-économique d’un agriculteur dans 3 zones pilotes au Maroc

Cette étude vise à mieux comprendre comment la conversion au pompage solaire peut influencer la consommation d'eau et les conditions socio-économiques d'un agriculteur marocain par rapport aux autres systèmes de pompage d'eau. L'étude s'est appuyée sur une enquête menée auprès de 150 agriculteurs répartis sur les territoires suivants 3 zones distinctes : la zone de Marrakech, la zone de Midelt et la zone de Tata. L'étude a été réalisée par le projet GIZ Sustainable Energy for Food - Powering...

// more
Governance

MENA Policy Brief Series // The WEF Nexus in the Arab Region

The WEF Nexus in the Arab Region Series is published by the League of Arab States (LAS), with technical and financial support from the Deutsche Gesellschaft fur Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ). The series comprises 6 policy briefs with different focus areas on the implementation of the WEF Nexus in the MENA region. All policy briefs are available both in English and in Arabic.

// more
Desalination

Water-Energy Nexus // Water for the Millions: Focus Saudi Arabia

By Dornadula Chandrasekharam. This paper investigates how Saudi Arabia can overcome its water and food security problem through using its potential of generating electricity from conventional geothermal sources. The generated electricity could be used for desalination processes, which currently rely on fossil fuels.

// more
Country Profiles

Nexus Country Profile // Tunisia

Tunisia is located from 30°N to 37°N in northern Africa; it shares borders with Algeria to the west and Libya to the east. The Mediterranean Sea lies to the north of the country. Four geographic regions exist in the country: the mountainous north-east, the southern mountains of lower altitude, the eastern coastal plains and the desert plains in the south-west which are home to several chotts (i.e. salt lakes that remain dry for much of the year). The climate is essentially Mediterranean with...

// more
Resource

Case Study Jordan // How Madaba’s Water and Wastewater Utility is finding innovative Solutions to operational Burdens while reducing Carbon Emissions

This case is part of a case study series, where the Water-Energy-Climate Nexus supports the transition towards a more sustainable and low-carbon urban management. In Madaba, the Miyahuna Water Company conducted a study to determine and address greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from its operations. Miyahuna operates both water and wastewater systems in the city. The GHG assessment was conducted using the Energy Performance and Carbon Emissions Assessment and Monitoring (ECAM) Tool. This highlighted...

// more
Country Profiles

Nexus Country Profile // Sudan

Sudan is located from 9°N to 22°N in north-eastern Africa; it shares borders with Egypt, Libya, Chad, Central African Republic, South Sudan, Ethiopia and Eritrea as well as the Red Sea. Although located in the tropics, the climate extends from a desert climate in the northern regions to a summer-rain climate in the southern regions. Approximately half of the country (mainly in the northern states) is covered by bare rocks and soil. In the southern regions, agricultural areas, trees, shrubs and...

// more
Research Papers, Publications and Books

Water Management in Fragile Systems // Building Resilience to Shocks and Protracted Crises in the MENA Region

Water scarcity is pervasive throughout the Middle East and North Africa and getting worse. Even before the recent political turmoil, several countries in the Middle East and North Africa were struggling to manage their water resources sustainably and to expand water supply and sanitation services efficiently. Now conflict has combined with weak institutional performance and contributed to an intensification of water challenges and a deterioration of water services.

// more
Implementation and Case Studies

Water-Food-Energy-Environment Synergies and Tradeoffs // Major Issues and Case Studies

By Peter G. McCornick, Seleshi B. Awulachew and Michael Abebe. Using both a brief global overview as well as a closer review of four case studies from India, Ethiopia, Jordon and the USA, this paper tries to (i) a present the nature of the tradeoffs under different hydrological, energy, agricultural and environmental contexts and (ii) provide some anecdotal evidence and illustrative cases for the available policy options for minimizing conflicts but maximizing synergies between water, energy,...

// more
Policy Papers

The Water-Energy-Food Nexus in the Middle East and North Africa // Scenarios for a Sustainable Future

By Edoardo Borgomeo, Anders Jagerskog, Amal Talbi, Wijnen, Marcus Talbi, Mohamad Hejazi, Fernando Miralles-Wilhelm. Water, energy, and agriculture have been conventionally dealt with separately in investment planning. For each of these sectors, regulatory frameworks, organizations, and infrastructures have been put in place to address sector-specific challenges and demands. As the Middle East and North Africa works towards building a more sustainable future, a nexus approach that considers the...

// more
Tools and Databases

UN ESCWA // Water-Energy Nexus Operational Toolkit: Resource Efficiency Module

ESCWA is implementing a UN Development Account (DA) Project on “Developing the Capacities of ESCWA Member Countries to Address the Water and Energy Nexus for Achieving Sustainable Developing Goals”. The DA project targets to strengthen the capacity of ESCWA member countries to achieve an integrated and sustainable management of water and energy resources to contribute to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

// more