Nexus Regions

Introduction

The Nexus Resource Platform served since 2011 as an "English-only" global information hub on the Nexus. This was very successful but excluded regions where English is not a common language. Furthermore the concrete realisation of a Nexus approach is site specific and depends on a regional context regarding resource, climate and social economic conditions.

Now with opportunities of the Platform Relaunch aroused by "Nexus Dialogue Programme" supported by the European Union (member states), we would like to take the regional context into account and also provide also information in other languages than English.

Of cause this is just the beginning and the regional pages will have mix of English and non-English content. But it is also an open invitation to join. We are calling for contributions from regions and invite writer form academia, civil society, policy and other institutions to join the regional Nexus movement. Please contact us at nexus@giz.de
 

Middle East and North Africa Region — MENA

The Middle East and North Africa Region, in short MENA, stretches over 6,000 km from Morocco in the West to Iran in the East. Despite significant subregional difference, the entire area is faced with similar challenges. All MENA countries have to cope with a water deficit, while they strive to achieve a self-sustaining agriculture at the same time. Energy production in the region still strongly relies on fossil fuels, even though there is a high potential for renewable energies. Institutions and administration are dominated by sectoral thinking, but bridging approaches are developing. // more

Latin America and the Caribbean — LAC

Latin America and the Caribbean compromise all the complexity that a continent of these dimensions conveys. In average, water scarcity does not appear to be an issue, but the local distribution of the resource varies widely. There are, however, common problems, that can be addressed on a continental level. The region strongly depends on hydropower for energy production. While this form of electricity does not stresses the climate through CO2 emission, it raises conflicts with other land uses like rain forests and agriculture. The latter is both the biggest user of water and driver for deforestation in Latin America and the Caribbean. // more

Southern Africa — SADC

The Southern African region represents a wide range of resource and climate contexts with varied supplies of water, food and energy. Each of the fifteen member states of the Southern African Development Community (SADC) has a distinct developmental imperative. Integrated planning of water, food and energy sectors and promoting regional cooperation has been considered as a strategy to meet water, energy and food security targets, and to improve natural resource use efficiencies in the region. // more

Niger Basin

The Niger River Basin covers an area of 2.13 million km2 and is home to over 130 million people in nine countries: Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Chad, Ivory Coast, Guinea, Mali, Niger, and Nigeria. Over 70% of the population live in areas where food security depends on unreliable rainfall and highly variable inter-and intra-annual river flows. Significant poverty levels and a high dependency on small-holder agricultural production persist in the region. Increasing demand for water, energy and soil resources, and competing uses in the context of climate variability, population growth and a complex web of governance levels (regional, basin, national and sub-national) constitute a major challenge for a balanced resource planning. Water infrastructure (multi-purpose) is considered by the riparian countries of the Niger River as particularly crucial for improving the quality of life in the region. Emphasis is placed on hydroelectric and irrigation schemes, aiming at supplying electricity to major urban centres and promoting economic development and food security. // more

Central Asia

The Central Asia region has a highly varied geography, which includes high mountains; vast deserts; and treeless, grassy steppes. The two major rivers are the Amu Darya and the Syr Darya. The Aral Sea is another major water reservoir for the region. However, the distribution of water resources is very difficult in Central Asia. Although the sources of the rivers are formed in Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan, hydroelectric plants weaken as they run to the downstream countries of Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, and Kazakhstan. Population growth, climate change and dwindling precipitation create huge challenges to the Central Asian governments. Therefore, an analysis of the dynamic links between water, energy, food and ecosystems is crucial in order to understand the challenges in these areas.  // more

South and South East Asia

South/South East Asia is a geographically diverse and complex region. Although having recorded high economic growth rates, about 60 percent of the population remain undernourished. Climate change and environmental degradation severely impact agriculture and living conditions in many ways, South/South-East Asia being one of the most vulnerable regions to natural disasters. Furthermore, about 60 percent of the urban population worldwide live in this region and approximately 120,000 people migrate towards the cities every day. Due to the rapid growth of cities, the management of natural resources and securing the population's basic requirements for water, energy and food is one of the region’s most critical challenges. Integrated planning and management of the key sectors is crucial to sustain economic growth and provide access to services, especially to the increasing urban population.  // more