The Central Asia region has a highly varied geography, which includes high mountains; vast deserts; and treeless, grassy steppes. The two major rivers are the Amu Darya and the Syr Darya. The Aral Sea is another major water reservoir for the region. However, the distribution of water resources is very difficult in Central Asia. Although the sources of the rivers are formed in Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan, hydroelectric plants weaken as they run to the downstream countries of Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, and Kazakhstan. Population growth, climate change and dwindling precipitation create huge challenges to the Central Asian governments.
Therefore, an analysis of the dynamic links between water, energy, food and ecosystems is crucial in order to understand the challenges in these areas. The WEF-Nexus perspective will not only allow for the identification of the synergies between the different users of the natural resources but it will also help to avoid trade-offs and social conflicts that might occur. Intraregional cooperation will be essential to meet the described challenges.
The side-event “Lessons learned from assessing the Water-Food-Energy-Ecosystems Nexus: approaches, findings and possible responses and contribution” was held in the framework of the Central Asian International Environmental Forum from 5-7 July 2017. The side-event was organized by the Regional Environmental Centre for Central Asia (CAREC), the International Union for Conversation of Nature (IUCN), and the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE).// more
The lunch discussion during the OECD Global Forum on Environment explores the possibility for a reinforced nexus oriented approach to water management in the EECCA region.// more