Circular Economy

Publication // Circular economy approach to reduce water–energy–food nexus

By Adriana Del Borghi, Luca Moreschi, Michela Gallo. The purpose of the review was to discuss the circular economy approaches devoted to understand the interdependencies among the water, food and energy sector.


The increase in world population and the resulting demand for food, water, and energy are exerting increasing pressure on soil, water resources, and ecosystems. Identification of approaches to reduce the related cross-sectoral environmental impacts for the water–energy–food nexus is, therefore, crucial. The purpose of the review was to discuss the circular economy approaches devoted to understand the interdependencies among these three sectors. In particular, the review focuses on the importance of the application of life cycle thinking and life cycle assessment for understanding the interconnections in the nexus along the whole supply chains. Moreover, researches related to water and energy use in the agrifood sector are presented, addressing food waste management alternatives in a circular economy perspective.


ScienceDirect website (open access)


February 2020

Published in 

Current Opinion in Environmental Science and Health,Volume 13, February 2020, Pages 23-28


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Publication // The Water-Food-Energy Nexus: Insights into resilient development

By SAB Miller and WWF (World Wildlife Fund). This collaborative report looks at 16 countries or states, comparing the ways in which their development patterns have managed their different mixes of resources and different capacities to make use of those resources.

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Ecosystems / WEFE Nexus

Publication // The Development of the Water-Energy-Food Nexus as a Framework for Achieving Resource Security: A Review

By Gareth B. Simpson and Graham P. W. Jewitt. This paper presents a study of the evolution of the water-energy-food (WEF) nexus since its rise to prominence in policy and development discourses in 2011. Drawing from an extensive review of published literature, the paper presents various interpretations of the concept while also considering the novelty of the WEF nexus.

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Internship // Food-Energy-Water Systems Analysis (Year-round) Graduate Student Intern

A graduate student internship position is available in the National Renewable Energy Laboratory's (NREL) Strategic Energy Analysis Center. NREL is the nation's primary laboratory for research, development and deployment of renewable energy and energy efficiency technologies.

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