event 10 mai 2021

Publication // Spatiotemporal Differences and Spatial Convergence of the Water-Energy-Food-Ecology Nexus in Northwest China

By Min Wang, Yi-fei Zhu, Si-wen Gong and Chang-yu Ni. This paper analyzed the dynamic change trend, spatial evolution characteristics, and spatial convergence of identified W-E-F-E nexus in Northwest China utilizing the coupling coordination degree model, an ESDA instrument, and the spatial convergence model.

category Research Papers, Publications and Books tag Legacy tag Modelling and Assessment tag Ecosystems tag Ecosystems / WEFE Nexus globe Asia
China agrobiodiversity 116

@ GIZ/ Guenay Ulutunçok

Abstract

The Water-Energy-Food-Ecology (WEFE) nexus is related to the realization of the goal of high-quality economic development in Northwest China. This paper analyzed the dynamic change trend, spatial evolution characteristics, and spatial convergence of identified WEFE nexus in Northwest China utilizing the coupling coordination degree model, an ESDA instrument, and the spatial convergence model. The results show that: first, the WEFE nexus in Northwest China presents a "V" shaped trend of decreasing first and then rising in time dimension. After a decline of 25.1% in 2002–2012, it increased by 29.7% in 2012–2017. Second, the WEFE nexus in Northwest China shows positive spatial autocorrelation, and the Moran’s I index of this is about 0.15. In spatial dimension, it shows a trend of high-value agglomeration around provincial capitals, and the distribution pattern is relatively stable. Thirdly, the WEFE nexus in Northwest China has significant spatial convergence, that is, the WEFE nexus gap between the prefectures in Northwest China is shrinking, and the convergence rate is between 2.83 and 3.16. Moreover, with the development of the economy, the rational allocation of land and labor resources, and the optimization of fiscal expenditure structure, the WEFE nexus in Northwest China will converge to the same steady state level after a long period of time. In general, in the process of improving the WEFE nexus in Northwest China, the heterogeneous characteristics of prefectures should be fully considered, and a trans-regional cooperative management and restriction mechanism of the WEFE nexus should be explored to achieve high-quality development of the region.

Keywords

WEFE nexus, spatiotemporal differences, spatial convergence, dynamic evolution, ESDA instrument

Published

2021

In

Frontiers in Energy Research, Volume 9, 26 April 2021

Citation

Wang M, Zhu Y-F, Gong S-W and Ni C-Y (2021) Spatiotemporal Differences and Spatial Convergence of the Water-Energy-Food-Ecology Nexus in Northwest China. Front. Energy Res. 9:665140. doi: 10.3389/fenrg.2021.665140

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Spatiotemporal Differences and Spatial Convergence of the Water-Energy-Food-Ecology Nexus in Northwest China

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