event 09 nov. 2020

Publication // Investigation and Assessment of the Management of Natural Resources in the State of California Using the Conceptual Framework of Water–Energy–Food Nexus

By Georgia Manou, Georgios Bariamis, Evangelos Baltas. This article identifies the interlinkages of water, energy and food in California and stresses the importance of water in the state`s nexus.

Matt howard A4i L43vunl Y unsplash

By Matt Howard on Unsplash.


The current analysis attempts to quantify the interlinkages between the water, energy and food sectors of California covering the period 2002–2015. The results reveal that 25% (60,696 GWh) of the annual energy consumption is attributed to agriculture, while 75% (174,709 GWh) is used for water supply purposes. The agricultural sector consumes 77% (32,629 m3) of the irrigation water, and the energy sector is vulnerable to water availability fluctuations, because many hydroelectric facilities are connected to its grid. Considering the water scarcity and the uneven geographical distribution of water in the state, its central role in California’s water–energy–food (WEF) Nexus becomes apparent.


August 2020


Environ. Sci. Proc. 2020, 2(1), 28


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