Africa is one of the areas that are most vulnerable to both climate change and conflict. Despite contributing very little to the changing climate, the continent still bears the brunt of the resultant impacts. Some studies and media coverage have predicted an increase in violent conflict in African countries as a result of climate change. While there is consensus about climate change’s being a risk multiplier, and therefore having the potential to exacerbate existing problems, the link between climate change and violent conflict remains highly complex, contextual and often indirect. Together with other conflict factors, climate change can undermine human security in vulnerable communities in Africa. This can happen in different ways, such as changes in precipitation and temperature, or extreme weather events such as droughts and floods, which can result in resource scarcity, forced migration, land degradation or infrastructure issues. Thus, climate change adaptation strategies are crucial in order to protect communities in Africa, particularly as climate impacts are already visible. Such strategies require a conflict-sensitive approach, specifically in communities where other destabilising factors could contribute to violence.
Follow the FREXUS project to learn more about improving security and climate resilience in a fragile context through the Water-Energy-Food Nexus.
- Policy Brief // From forecast to prevention: Acting on resource-related conflict risks
- Nexus Blog // Can the Water, Energy and Food Nexus approach prevent conflicts in a fragile context?
- Water-Peace Nexus // Water Stress is Helping Drive Conflict and Migration. How Should the Global Community Respond?