Climate and river flow variability, enhanced by climate change, provide elements of uncertainty in planning resource use. A sound integrated and transboundary management is necessary to address these challenges and to promote development in the basin. This pressing issue is highlighted by the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) indicators. While progress is being made within the basin, 30% of the population still do not have access to an improved water source, 75% do not have improved sanitation facilities and only 35% have access to electricity.
A water-energy- food security Nexus approach can provide an appropriate paradigm to design policies to holistically attain these development objectives by seeking efficiency of resource use.
Key Nexus Issues in the Niger Basin
The Niger Basin Authority (NBA) has identified key issues to be considered for the sustainable development of the basin. These issues include:
- interactions between key sectors (i.e. water, energy, agriculture, and environment) such as hydropower development using
- multi-purpose infrastructure
- irrigation to increase crop production and food security
- navigation development to enhance commerce and development and environmental protection; and
- protection of ecosystems
Nexus Regional Dialogue Programme
About the Nexus Country Profiles
The Nexus Country Profiles give an overview of the Nexus-related challenges faced by a country, show the specifics of the water, energy and food/agricultural sectors and summarise the water-energy, water-food and energy-food interrelations. Nexus-relevant aspects of the country’s governance are highlighted and allow for a better understanding of possible entry points for integrated management and policy planning. The profiles culminate in a tri-sectoral Nexus evaluation and food-energy-water security index.
The country profiles are developed in the frame of the Nexus Dialogue Programme, jointly funded by the European Union and the Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ), Germany, and implemented by the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) in cooperation with regional partners. Research for and elaboration of the country profiles is supported by the Institute for Technology and Resource Management in the Tropics and Subtropics (ITT) at the TH Köln – University of Applied Sciences, Germany.